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Nevroz

Nevroz (ae yun. neuron — asab), bemorihoi asabu ruhi, ki dar natijai kori vaznin, sharoithoi dushvori zindagi, istirohati nomuntazam, khobi norohat, vayronshavii faoliyati sistemai asabi markazi ruy me­dihand. Mafhumi Nevrozro soli 1776 dukhturi shotlandi U. Kullen peshnihod namudaast. Bemorihoi muzmini baze uzvhoi daruni, siroyat, zahroludshavi (khususan az tamoku va alkogol), jarohati ustukhonu magzi cap, ba rejimi ruz rioya nakardan, vayronshavii faoliyati gadudhoi dokhilpusoravi va gayra boisi avjgirii Nevroz megardand. Nevroz se khel meshavad: nevrasteniya, isteriya va psikhaste­niya. Dar hamai namudhoi Nevroz tagyiroti ruhi (vayronshavii kayfiyat, khob, ba khud bovari nadoshtan, nokhushi va gayra), digargunshavii funksiyai uzvhoi gunogun (tez zadani dil, tagyiryobii fishori khun va gayra) mu­shohida meshavad. Masalan, dar zanho hangomi farorasii davri hayz hissi tapishi dil yo az kor mondani on paydo meshavand; sari baze bemoron dard karda bemador meshavand, bad dastu po khunuk shuda bemorro larza megirad va bemor kame az hush meravad; in hisho khavfnok naboshand ham, organizmro sust va qobiliyati koriro past mekunand.

M u o l i j a: ba rejimi mehnat va istirohat rioya kardan; istemoli doruhoi taskindihanda, muqavvi, vitaminho va gayra; fizioterapiya, balneoterapiya va psikhoterapiya; tabo­bati sanatoriyu kurorti va gayra.

Adabiyot: Portnov A. A., Fedotov D. D.. Nevrozi, reaktivnie psikhozi i psikhopatii, Moskva, 1957; Svyadosh A. M., Nevrozi i ikh lechenie, Moskva 1971.

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