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Nernst Valter Frid­rikh German

Nernst (Nernst) Valter Frid­rikh German (25. 6. 1864, Brizen, hozira Vombjezno, Polsha — 18. 11.1941, Ober — Tsibelle, nazdi Muskau, RDG). fiziki nemis. Yake az asosguzoroni khi­miya i fizikavii muosir. Az soli 1902 professori Universiteti Ber­lin. Solhoi 1905— 1922 direktori Institu­ti khimiya va 1924 —1933 direktori Instituti fizikai Berlin bud. U dar sohai fizika az Boltsman talim giriftaast. Soli 1888 nazariyai usuli gudozishi elek­trolitii metallhoro peshnihod kar­daast.

Soli 1890 qonuni taqsimoti moddai halshavandaro dar moehoi omekhtanashavanda yo kamomekhtashavanda dar holati umumi tarif dodaast. Soli 1897 lampaero ikhtiro namud, ki sonitar lampai Nernst nom girift. Soli 1906 qonuni 3-yumi termodi­namika (teoremai Nernst yo ki prinsipi Nernst) -ro kashf kardaast. Inchunin doir ba hodisahoi galva- nomagniti va termomagniti kashfiyotho dorad (nig. Hodisai Nernst- Ettingkhauzen). Nernst muallifi kitobhoi darsii khimiyai nazariyavi va fizikai nazariyavi meboshad. Azoi fakhrii AF bisyor mamlakathoi khoriji, az jumla azoi fakhrii AF SSSR (1927) bud. Laureati mukofo­ti nobeli (1920).

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