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Narmadshankar Lalshavkar Dave

N a r m a d, Lalshavkar Dave (24. 8. 1833, Surat— 26. 2. 1886, Bambay), navisanda, khodimi jamiyati, maorifparvari hindu. Ba zaboni gujaroti ejod kardaast. Hamrohi navisandai Hinduston Dalpatram (1820—98) ba adabiyoti hozirazamoni gujaroti asos guzoshtaast. Narmadshankar tarafdori islodoti ijtimoi, barobarhuquqii zanon buda, hinduho va musulmononro ba yagonagi davat mekard. Ejodiyoti Narmadshankar sarshor az ohanghoi vatandusti, goyahoi ozodikhohii millist. Dostoin u «Golib bosh, Gujaroti dilovar!» surudi millii Gujarot gardidaast.

Dar lirikai Narmadshankar obrazhoi ananavii  adabiyoti asri miyonagi dida nameshavand. Zeri tasiri dostonhoi «Faslhoi sol»-i Kalidasa va «Hikoyat dar borai faslhoi sol»-i J. Tomson s. 1861 Narmadshankar dostoin «Hikoyat dar borai fasldoi sol»-ro ejod kard, ki dar on zeboihoi tabiati Gujarot vasf shudaast. Mavzuhoi zamonaviro ba dramaturgiya dokhil kard. Avvalin asari nasri dar adabiyoti ondavrai gujaroti «Bartarii tashkilot» (1851), janrhoi navi tarjumai hol, ocherk, maqolahoi tanqidi ba Narmadshankar taalluk dorand. Oid ba nazariyai nazmi hindi asarho navishtaast. «Farhangi Narmad» (1864—70) nakhustin farhangi zaboni gujaroti meboshad, ki Narmadshankar tartib dodaast.

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