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Nardsunbul

Nardsunbul sunbuli rumi, valeriana (Valeriana), jinsi giyohhoi bisyorsolaest az oilai nardsunbulho. Bargi yaklukhtu setoi 6 parra-parra choka, guli maydai qifshakli safed yo guloby dorad. Ziyoda ap 200 namudash asosan dar kuhhoi Andi Amerikai Janubi va Evrosiyo pahn shudaast. Dar ITTIHODI ShURAVI qarib 30 namudi Nardsunbul mesabzad. Dar bayni onho  beshtar Nardsunbuli d o r u i (officinalis) dar tamomi hududi ITTIHODI ShURAVI (ba gayr ae nohiyahoi Shimoli Dur va biyobonho) meruyad.

Resha va reshapoyai Nardsunbul ravgani efir, kislotahoi valerian, sirko, formiat, alkaloidhoi valerii va khatinin, moddahoi dabbogi, qand va gayra dorad. Qiyom, sharbati spirti va efirii Nardsunbulro chun moddai  taskindihanda (hangomi nevrozi sistemai dilu par, ikhtiloli medavu ruda, bedorkhobi  va gayra) istifoda mebarand. Dar Ukraina, Povolji- yai Miyona, kishvari Krasnodar va baze nohiyahoi digar. Nardsunbuli khudruyro megundorand. Dar Belorussiya, viloyathoi Voronej, Moskva, Novosibirsk va Kirov boshad, Nardsunbulro kisht karda az har ga az 5 to 25 i reshapoyai khushk va qarib 2 ts tukhm megirand.

Dar Tojikiston 4 namudi Nardsunbul (V. chionophila, V. ficariifoli&, V. dubia va V. fedlschenkoi) dar soyayu bayni kharsangho, nishebi va daruni daraho, buttazor va gayra meruyand. V. fi- cariifolia (nigared rasm) va V. dubia giyohhob dorui meboshand.

Ad.: Voroshilov V. N., Lekarstvennaya valeriana, M. 1959; Komarov V. M., Opredelitel rasteniy Severnogo Tadjikistana, D., 1967.

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