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Namoz

Namoz ( duo, ibodat), yake az ruknhoi asosii islom (nigared Arkoni din), saloti harruzayu panjvaqta (Namozi bomdod, Namozi peshin, Namozi asr, Namozi shom, Namozi khuftan).

Faqehoni islom ba in rukn ahamiyati kalon doda, Namozro farmoishi Khudo va az in jihat ba jo ovardani onro ham farzu ham sunnat meshumorand.  Hangomi namozkhoni musulmon boyad az voqeotu zuhuroti olam capfi nazar kunad va tamomi fikru zikri khudro ba Khudovand, ba «olami ulvi» yo okhirat band namoyad. Vayron kardani in qoida ba Namozi «gayrihaq» ovarda merasonad.

Manoi asosii Namoz az arzi hojatu niyoz va madhu sanoi alloh iborat ast; odatan surai 1, oyatho az surahoi 103, 108, 112, 114-n Quron khon­da meshavand. Bino ba talimoti islom Namoz boyad badi niyat ba zaboni arabi khonda shavad.

Namozhoi badi anjomi tahorat yo vuzu (shustushui dastu ruyu poy) ru ba qibla (Makka) ba boloi joynamoz istoda, hangomi khondani Namoz harakathoi gunogunro ba jo meovarad (dastonashro ba tavri makhsus nigoh medorad, ham meshavad) (ruku), cajda mekunad (sujud), meshinad va digar harakathoro anjom medihad.

Majmui holathoi namozkhonro rakat guyand, ki har Namoz az 2 to 4 rakat iborat ast. Mamulan ba Namoz musulmononro muazzin bo azoni khud davat mekunad. Namozi peshini ruzi juma (Namozi odina)-ro dar masjid khondan mamul ast. Odatan dar Namozi juma imomi jumai masjid du xytba boyad bikhonad. Khutbahoi mazkur juzi tarkibii Namozi juma ba shumor meravad.

Gayr az Namozi farzi panjvaqta yak qator Namozi ilovagi niz dar islom rasm shudaasg:

  1. Namozi istisqo (Namoz, ki dar khushksoli mekhonand va murod az on talabidani boron ast),
  2. Namozi shukrona (Namoze, ki ba shukronai hosil shudani murode va daf kardani tahluqae mekho­nand),
  3. Namozi qazo (Namoze, ki pas az guzashtani vaqtash khonda meshavad),
  4. Namozi fitr (ruzi idi ramazon khonda meshavad),
  5. Namozi janoza (Namoze, ki pas az gusli murda dar sari tobuti u khonda meshavad),
  6. Namoz shiroq (Namozi gayri panjvaqti ast, ki onro pas az baromadani oftob mekhonand),
  7. Namozi tahajjud (Namozi gayri panjvaqti ast, ki onro pesh az subh mekhonand).

Ruhoniyoni islom burdu bokhti zindagiro tavassuti Namoz ba khudo payvastani meshavand. Homiyonu homiloni islomi hozira bo maqsadi zamona- sozi Namozro nave az tarbiyai badan va tahoratro juze az gigiena tabir mekunand.

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SAFORAT

SAFORAT, namoyandagi, koru amali safir, ki az tarafi davlate ba poytakhti davlati digar meravad. Nigared, …