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Nakhutak

Nakhutak (Astragalus), jinsi rastanihoi yak yo bisyorsolai alafi va buttai; mansubi lubiyoiho.

Bargi toqaparshakl va guli mayda dorad. 2000 namudi on asosan dar mintaqahoi khushki Nimkurai shimoli duchor meoyad. Dar SSSR ziyoda az 900 namudash malum buda, beshtar dar Osiyoi Miyona (taqriban 600 namu­dash) va Kavkaz meruyad. Dar Tojikiston 270 namudi Nakhutak mesabzad. Az onho rytilobus (nig. raem.), A. se- samoides, A. sieversianus beshtar pahn shudaand. Dar bayni rastanihoi jinsi Nakhutak namudhoi dorui, tekhniki, khuroki va oroishi khele bisyorand. Onho ba miqdori ziyod safeda, alka­loid va glikozid dorand. Bakteriyahoi azotanduzi reshai Nakhutak khokro az nitrogen boy megardonad. Poyai baze namudi Nakhutak samg dorad, ki on dar sanoati bofandagi, kogaz va gayra istifoda meshavad.

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lolaarusak

Lolaarusak

LOLAARUSAK (Rapaver rhoeas), yak nav giyohi yaksola. Poyaash (daroziash 5—40 sm) hamida va muyakhoi durusht …