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Nakhliho

Nakhliho (Agesaseae yo Palme), oilai rastanihoi darakhtmonandi yakpallagi. 240 jinsi Nakhliho, ki qarib 3400 namudro darbar megirad, aso­san dar tropika va subtropika pahn shudaast. Bisyor namudhoi Nakhliho dar Osiyo (Indoneziya), Afrika va Ame­rikai Janubi, faqat 1 namudi onho (Chamac rops) dar Evropa (Is­paniya, Fransiyan Janubi) meruyand.

Nakhliho aksaran shokh nameronand. Qadashon to 60 metr va qutrashon to 1 metr meshavad. Bargi paydarpai parshakl (daroziash to 15 metr) yo panja-panja dorand; Dar 5—12 bazan 30—50- umin soli hayotashon gul karda, meva medihand. Nakhliho asosan rastanii yakkhonagi buda, gulhoi yakjinsa (bazan dujinsa)-i maydai 3-uzva va gujummeva yo donakmeva dorand.

Nakhliho ahamiyati kaloni iqtisodi do­rad. Mevai aksari Nakhliho (masalan, khurmo­bun) chun khurok istifoda meshavad. Rafiya.

Az mevai khomi norjil shiri kokos megirand. Az mevai pustash toza kardashuda ravgan va margarin hosil mekunapd. Ap poyai Nakhliho nakh megirand. Dar SSSR Nakhlihoro dar sohilhoi janubii Qrim va sohilhoi bahri Siyohi Kavkaz, qismi garbii RSS Turkmaniston va gayra parvarish mekunand. Nakhlihoro az tukhm, farguch, navdai reshagirifta ziyod mekunand. Dar RSS Tojikiston Nakhliho ras­tanii tahjoi nabuda, faqat baze namudashon chun rastanii oroishi parvarish karda meshavand.

Adabiyot: Derevya i kustarniki SSSR, tom 2, Moskva— Leningrad, 1951; Saakov S. G., Palmi i ikh kultura v SSSR, Moskva—Leningrad, 1954; S i n ya g i p I. I., Tropicheskoe zemlede­lie, Moskva, 1968.

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