Malumoti ohirin

Nafosat

Nafosat (ar.  — nafisi, nozuki), yak navi zeboist;

1) dar tabiat asosan dar zohiri ashyoyu hodisaho padid omada, az mukammalivu mutanosibi va shinamivu khushha- rakatii onho darak medihad. Nafosati asarhoi sanat va yo mahsuli mehnati insonro bo iborai «nazokati yad­ro» ifoda mekunand. Shakli lola, guli khayri, majnunbedi labi ob, sarv yo harakati gizol va gayra ifodai nafisiyu zeboii tabiatand. Ammo ifodai haqiqii Nafosat dar simoi inson tajassum yofta, dar mutanosibii badan, chobukiyu ozodii harakat, vajhi mulham, tabassum, khulqu atvor, zavqi libospushi va gayra zohir megardad. Nafosat  bo kibr, khudpisandiyu khudnamoi nojoya ast.

2) Dar sanat Nafosat inikosi obraznoki hama chizi zeboi hayot ast (masalan, portretho, manzaraho, mujassamaho, lavhahoi naqqoshivu kandakori va gayra). Husni bayoni gazaliyoti guzashtagonu sherhoi barjastai imruza namunai odin Nafosat dar nazm ast. Romans yo valshoi dilnishin, bisyor qismathoi sozivu ovozii merosi musiqi (maqomho) ifo­dai Nafosat dar in namudi sanat ast. Dar minyoturhoi asrimiyonagivu muosir, mahsuli sanati oroishi amali, ki khele oddi va ozodona ijro gardidaand, Nafosat ba tavri ayoni zohir meshavad. Nafosati haqiqiro az sokhta farq kardan lozim ast. Nafosati haqiqi doroi mazmuni ijtimoi va goyahoi gumanistist.

3) Dar metodologiyai ilm kategoriyai khosest, ki jihati estetikii mafhumu qonunhoi navi ilmro ifoda namuda, yak nav meyori haqqoniyati obektivii onho meboshad. Chunonchi, dar metodologiya fizika prinsipi nafosat nom rukni falsafi korbast meshavad, ki mahz zeboii mantiqii muodilaro nishonai ba voqeiyat ayni budani on elon menamoyad. Ba qavli A. Eynshteyn, P. Dirak, M. Gell-Mann, Salom barin fizikoni maruf dar tadqiqu tadqiqi matematikii olam in prinsip rohnamoi khos meboshad. Umuman dar ilmi hozirazamon zarurayati botinan ba ham payvastani se jihati faoliyati odami — neki, haqiqatjui va zeboi ba amal omadaast. Az in jihat ideali ilmro in tavr qalamdod kardan mumkin ast: chizi daqiqi boyad ba tariqi khayr ba dast oyad, aslan zebo boshad va nihoyat ba kori nek istifoda shavad.

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BOZGUY

BOZGUY, shokhai soziyu ovozi dar maqom va maqomsaroi, takrori hameshanii yayak porchai ohang. Odatan dar …