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Najmuddini Kurbo

Najmuddini Kurbo (1145—1221), Ahmad ibni Umar ibni Muhammadi Khorazmi, mutafakkiri mutasavvifi fors-tojik. Najmuddini Kubroro ba tufayli nuktasanjiyu zakovati baland va ba har savoli mushkil javobi saheh yoftanu dar muboqisaho golib baromadanash Tomatulkubra, az vajhi gushagiri Abuljonib va az sababi tarbiyai mu- ridoni ziyod Shaykhi valitarosh laqab nihodaand.

Najmuddini Kubro dar ovoni javoni ba Misr rafta, muddati ziyode dar tarbiyai shaykh Ruzbekhoni Misri buda, bad ba Tabrez bargashta, ilmi sharhi sunnaro az imom Abumansur meomuzad. Dar omuzishi ilmhoi shari kone nagashta ru ba tasavvuf meova- rad va khidmati du-se shaykhi zamonashro ado karda, boz ba Misr barmegardad. Najmuddini Kubro bo farmoishi shaykh Ruzbehon bo ahli baytash bo Khorazm bargashta, firqai nav — Kubraviyaro tasis mekunad.

Hangomi istiloi mugul dar muhoribai Khorazm kushta shudaast. Az osori gunogunmavzui Najmuddini Kubro, ki masalahoi mukhtalifi dini, falsafi va tasavvufro dar bar megirand. asarhoi zerro nombar kardan mumkin ast: «Fi odobi soli- kin» («Dar odobi solikon»), «Risolat-ul-khoif-ul-hoim an lavmatil-loim» («Risolai tarsandai ovo­ra dar borai malomati malomatkunanda»), «Favoteh-ul-jamol» («Fathkunandai zeboi»), «Ruboiyoti sufiyona» va gayra Najmuddini Rozi, Saduddini Hamavi, Majduddini Bagdodi, Bahouddini Valad, Sayfuddini Bokharzi va digaron az jumlai shogirdoni Najmuddini Kubro  meboshand.

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