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Mujam-ul-Buldon

«Mujam- ul-Buldon» asari 10-jildai geograf va sayyohi asri 13 YOquti Hamavi, ki soli 1224 bo yory va hamkorii olim, faylasuf va murrikhi arab Ibni Qifti talif shudaast. Muallif dar navishtani «Mujam- ul-Buldon» ziyoda az 50 asari olimoni Yunon (Aflotuv, Pifagor, Batlimus), geografhoi Sharq (Ibni Khurdodbeh, Ibni Vozeh, Abuzaydi Balkhi) va digaranro istifoda burdaast. Mundarijai in asar az muqaddima.

5 bob, qismi lugat va qismi tari­khi iborat ast. Muallif dar muqaddima oid ba geografu sayyohoni qadim va asrimiyonagi, merosi ilmii onho sukhan ronda dar borai omilhoe, ki baroi naydoish va inkishofi adabiyoti geografii apab kumak rasondaand, malumot medihad. Bo­bi 1 asar doir ba shaklhoi Zamin nazariyahoi bisyorero dar bar megirad, ki onho ba malumothoi geografiyai matematiki asos yoftaand. Bobi 2 asosan ba sharhu ezohi sistemai mamuli ba iqlimho judo kardani mahalho bakhshida shuda, inchunin burjhoi osmoni, mamlakathoi zeri in burjho bahs mekuvad; bobi 3 ba istilohu nomhoi geogra­fiyai astronomi; bobi 4 ba tasnifoti mukhtasari mahalhoi gunoguni dar tasarrufi arabho buda bakhshida shudaast; bobi 5 malumotnomai tarikhii nohiyahoi alohida, taqsimoti davlatho va tavsifi aholii onhoro dar bar megirad. Dar qismi lugati asar istilohho az rui alifbo joy doda shuda, har kadom ezohi tarikhi, geografi, astronomi va fi­lologiyu etnografii khudro dorand. Qismi tarikhii asar ba tarikhi shakhrho, aholi, olimonu donishman- doni onho va urfu odati sokinoni in mahalho oid ast.

Ad.: Krachkovskiy I. Yu., Izbr. soch., t. 4; M.— L., 1957; H i k m a t u lloev X., Shoislomov Sh.,YOqut Hamaviy, Toshkent, 1965.

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