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MUSSOLINI (Mussolini) Benito

benito_mussoliniMUSSOLINI (Mussolini) Benito, (29. 7. 1883, Forli — 28. 4. 1945, naz-dikii Dongo), sardori partiyai fashisti va hukumati fashistii Italiya (1922—43), hukumati lukhtakmonavdi ba nom respublikai Salo (1943—45). Faoliyati siyosii khudro dar safi harakati sotsialisti ogoz namud. Marti 1919 az jumlai sobiq ishtirokchiyoni Jangi yakumi jahoni tashkiloti fashisti tasis namud. Oktyabri 1922 bo yorii kapitali monopolisti, mutlaqiyat va Vatikan tabadduloti davlati ba amal ovard. Az soli 1926 ba barham zadani ozodihoi konstitutsioni va poydor kardani diktaturai fashisti shuru namud. Iqtisodiyoti mamlakatro harbi kunonida, rohi istilogariro pesh girift (soli 1936 Efiopiya, 1939 Albaniyaro zabt kard). Badi dar Germaniya barqaror karda shudani diktaturai fashisti (1933) bo on ittifoqi siyosiyu harbi basta, soli 1940 Italiyaro ba Jangi duyumi jahoni kashid. Dar solhoi jang dar muborizai ziddi Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti SSSR va mamlakathoi digari ittihodi ziddifashisti ittifoqchii Gitler bud. 25 iyuli 1943 dar natijai shikasti qushunhoi fashistii Italiyayu Germaniya va avj giriftani harakati ziddifashisti diktaturai Mussolini sarnagun shud. Dar okhirhoi Jangi duyumi jahoni partizanho dar nazdikii sarhadi Italiyayu Shveysariya Mussoliniro dastgir namudand va bo qarori tribunali harbii Komiteti millii ozodkunii Italiyai Shimoli qatl shud.

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SAFIKOL

SAFIKOL, nigared, Sayfos.