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MURG

murgMURG, murgi khonagi, parrandaest az qatori murgiho; nomi umumii parrandaho. Murgi khonagi az Murgi vahshii bankivi (Gallus banki- va) paydo shudaast. Murg sernamudtarin parrandai khojagii qishloq meboshad. Murgro baroi tukhmu gusht, paru tibit par­varish mekunand. Vobasta ba zot Murgro ba guruhhoi tukhmdeh (serpusht), gushtu tukhmdeh va gushtdeh chudo me­kunand. Murgi tukhmdeh hajman khurd, tezras ast. Murgi g u sh t u tukhmdeh kalonjussa va mushakhoyash inkishofyofta buda, sust ka­lon meshavad. Toji aksariyati Murgi tukhmdeh bargshakli 2—3-dandonadori ba yak taraf moil va nulash andak kaj meshavad. Rangi nulu toji aksar Murghho yakkhela (zard, gulobitob, siyoh va gayra) meshavad. Rangi pa­ru boli Murg gunogun ast. Vazni Murgi tukhmdeh 1,8—2,2 (khurus 2,7—3,0) kilogramm; gushtu tukhmdeh 2,5— 3,0 (khurus 3,5— 4,0) kilogramm; gushtdeh 3,0—3,5 (khurus 3,5—4,5) kilogramm meshavad. Vazni chujahoi nav az tukhm baromada — 30—35 gramm. Oda­tan, badi 70—80 shaboruz vazni chujahoi Murgi zoti tukhmu gushtdeh nazar ba tukhmdeh 20-30% ziyod meshavad. Murg az 5—6-mohagi tukhm mekunad; sole 200—220 va dar khojagii zothoi behtarin 220—250 (rekordiash 365) dona tukhm mekunad. Tukhmi Murgi gushtu tukhmdeh nazar ba tukhmi Murgi tukhmdeh khurdtar meshavad. Barobari faro rasidani davrai tulak Murg az tukhm memonad, ki on asosan az 2—3 hafta to 2 moh davom mekunad. Pas az tulak dar holati mavjud budani sharoit va khuroki khub Murg boz ba tukhm medaroyad. Qobiliyati tukhmkunii Murg takhminan 10 sol meboshad. Selai Murgi zotiro 55—60% javona, 30—35% Murgi dusola va 10% sesola tashkil medihad. Khurusro to du va behtarinashro to se sol nigoh me- dorand. Chujadoro dar inkubatorho mebarorand. Davrai inkishofi janini chuja ba hisobi miyona 21 shaboruz ast. Dar Tojikiston murgoni guruhhoi tukhmdeh, tukhmu gushtdehro parvarish mekunand. Tukhmdeh dar hamai khojagihoi murgparvarii res­publika (ba gayr az fabrikai broylerparvarii Orjonikidzeobod), tukhmu gushtdeh dar fabrikai murgparvarii Panjakent va gushtdeh (broyler) dar fabrikai Orjonikidzeobod parvarish meshavad. Nigared niz Murgparvari.

Adabiyot: Selskokhozyaystvennaya ptisa, tom 1—2, Moskva, 1962; Smet ne v S. I., Pti­sevodstvo, Moskva, 1970.

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