Malumoti ohirin

MULAMMA

melammahMULAMMA (arabi— nurposh, jilodor, rangorang), sherest, ki ba du zabon navishta meshavad. Mulamma aso­san dar adabiyoti klassiki va beshtar dar janri gazal duchor meoyad. Shoiron yak misra yo baytero ba tojiky va misra yo bayti digarro ba arabi meguftand. Boyad bayt, mis­ra va abyoti tojikiyu arabi az jihati shaklu mazmun bo ham komilan muvofiqat mekardand. Mulammaro sh i r u sh a k a r niz nomidaand. Shoirone beshtar Mulamma guftaand, ki zabon va qoidahoi sheri arabiro neku me­donistand va ba zaboni arabi sher guftaand. Sadi dar Mulamma shuhrat dorad. Sadriddin Ayni uro ikhtirogari Mulamma menomad. Az asri 15 Mulammai tojikiyu uz­beki rivoj girift. Porchai gazali zerin, ki ba Jomi nom shoire mansub ast, namunai in guna Mulamma meboshad:

Ey labat purkhandavu chashmi siyohat masti khob.

Ikki zulfing orazida oy yuzungdur    oftob.

Mastii may mekunad rui turo garqi araq.

Boda ichsang tuqulur ikki kizil yuzdan gulob…

Banda shud Jomy gulomat. Garchi Aflotun buvad,

Asragil, yo soqlagil, yo sot, yo bergil javob.

Az nimai duyumi asri 19 Mulammai tojiki- rusi paydo shud (Asiri va digar). Namunae az Mulammai tojiki va rusii Asiri:

Gurtam zi rahi havoparasti Prikhodite ko mne v gosti…

Dar adabiyoti sovetii tojik avvalin bor Sadriddin Ayni Mulammai tojiki va uz­beki navisht. 3. Javhari, M. Aminzoda va digar niz Mulamma dorand. Mulammahoi tojikiyu uzbeki dar ejodiyoti dahanakii khalq niz vomekhurand. Shoironi Mulammanavisro zullisonayn yo zunnaqlayn menomand.

Adabiyot; Hodizoda R., Sh u k u r o v M., Abdujabborov T., Farhangi istilohoti adabiyotshinoi, Dushanbe, 1966; 3 e hni T., Sanati sukhan, Dushanbe, 1979.

S. Imronov.

Dar boramon

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SATO

SATO, asbobi musiqii torist, ki bo kamoncha menavozand. Sato dar bayni tojikoi, uzbekho, eroniyon, afgonho …