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MUHIT

muhitMUHIT (ar. — ihotakunanda), dar biologiya, majmui sharoithoi gayriorganiki (abioti) va organikii (biotin) zisti hayvonot, rastaniho, mikroorganizmhoi gunogun. Sharoithoi abnoti az omilhoi khimiyavi (tarkibi havo, ob, khok va gayra), fi­ziki yo iqlimi (harorat, fishori barometri, jarayon, zaminai radiatsioni va gayra) iboratand. Omilhol bioti majmui tasirote meboshand, ki organizmhoi digar ba organizmhoi tadqiqshavanda (rastani, hayvon) va gayra merasonand. Chunonchi, organizmhoi gayr baroi obekti tadqiqshavanda manbai gizo, muhiti zist (masalan, or­ganizme, ki dar on parazitho jon giriftaand), vositai afzoish (gardoludshavii rastaniho bo yorii hasharot) va pahnshavi shuda metavonand. Hamin tariq omilhoi biotii Muhit dar shakli tasiri mutanobili organizmhoi yak biotsenoz zohir megardand.

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