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MUHAMMADShAFYOI ShEROZI

nophotoMUHAMMADShAFYOI ShEROZI  (1783, Sheroz —1846, hamon jo), khushnavis va shoiri fors. Padarash Muhammadismoil nom dosht. Laqabash Mirzo Kuchak, takhallusi adabiash Visol. Muhammadshafyoi Sherozi hamai navi khathoi davr, khususan, khati naskhro khub menavisht. U inchunin ilmhoi sarfu nahv, hikmat, riyoziyot, musiqi va aruzu kofiyaro mukammal az khud karda bud. Az u taqriban 30 hazor bayt bo­qi mondaast, ki az shaklhoi qasoid, gazaliyot, marsiya, tarjeot va masnaviho iboratand. Gazaliyoti u se nav ast: gazalhoe, ki javoban ba ashori Hofiz gufta shudaand, gazalhoe, ki ba tarzi Shaykh Sadi suruda shuda­and va gazaliyoti digarash daftari alohidaro tashkil mekunad. Marsiyahoi u qarib 2 hazor bayt ast. Az na­munai osori khattotii u yak nuskha kulliyoti Sadi va yak nuskhai «Avsof-ul-ashrof»-i Khoja Nasiruddini Tusi (1824, Kitobkhonai millii Teh­ron), daftari avvali masnavii Ja­loluddini Rumi (1831, Kitobkhonai khususii Saidnasrulloh, Tehron), muntakhabi «Haqiqat-ul-haqiqa»-i Sanoi (1839, Kitobkhonai Donishgohi Tehron) va gayra mahfuzand.

Q. Makhsumov.

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SATO

SATO, asbobi musiqii torist, ki bo kamoncha menavozand. Sato dar bayni tojikoi, uzbekho, eroniyon, afgonho …