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MUFLON

mufflonMUFLON (fransavi mouflon, italyavi muflone), gusfandi vahshi (Ovis orientalis), hayvoni juftsumi vahshist az jinsi gusfand. Muflon miyonjussa, daroziash to 115 santimetr, balandiash to 83 santimetr, poyhoi daroz, shokhi nisbatan sabuki kamonshakl (darozii shokhi Mufloni nar to 75 santimetr) dorad. Mufloni moda odatan beshokh ast. Vazni Mufloni nar 50—70 kilogramm va modaash 30—35 kilogramm. Pashmash kutoh, zichi durushti zardchai burtob va buri siyohtob. Az 2—3-solagi nasl medihad. Davri hamlash 5 moh 1—2-to bacha mezoyad. Areali Muflon khele vase (balandihoi az 300— 500 to 3000 metr az sathi bahr) buda, gala-gala (az 3—5 to 40—50 cap) vomekhurad.

Khuroki on alaf va bargu shokhi buttayu darakht ast. Asosan dar mavzehoi kuhsori Osiyoi Khurd, Eron, Afgoniston, Hinduston, Pokiston, inchunin janubi Zakavkaziya, janubi garbi Osiyoi Miyona pahn gashtaast. Dar Respublikai Sovetii Sotsialistii Tojikiston du zernamudi Muflon (0. or. vignei va O. or. severtzovi) asosan dar qatorkuhhoi Oloy, Turkiston, Zarafshon, Hisor, Qarotegin, Vakhsh, sohilhoi daryoi Obi Khingob va atrofi Ishkoshimu Sari-khosor vomekhurad. Sarshumori Muflon soli 1977 10 hazorro tashkil mekard. Muflonro baroi gushtu pustash shikor mekunand. Dar Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti SSSR va az chumla dar Respublikai Sovetii Sotsialistii Tojikiston  shikori Muflon man buda, ba «Kitobi surkh»-i Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti SSSR dokhil shudaast. Dar guruhi Dashtijum (50 hazor gektar) va Qarotog (15 hazor gektar) dar qatori digar hayvonho Muflon niz muhofizat karda meshavad.

Adabiyot: Salkin V. I., Gornie barani Evropi i Azii. Moskva, 1951: Sapojnikov G. N., Dikie barani (rod Ovls) Tadjikistana, Dushanbe, 1976

G. N. Sapojnikov.

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SADUDDINI SAYDI HIRAVI

SADUDDINI SAYDI HIRAVI —(soli tavalud nomalum —vafot 1364), shoiri fors-tojik. Jarayoni zindagii Saduddini Saydi Hiravi …