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MOSh

moshMOSh (Phaseolus aureus), giyohi yaksolaest az oilai lubiyoiho. Balandiash 15—50 sm; poyai rost yo pechanda, bargi kalon (daroziash 20—26 sm), guli bunafsh, gilofaki sertukhm, doni mudavvari sabz dorad. Mohhoi iyun — sentyabr gulu meva mekunad. Mosh dar tropika va suptropika ziroati mamul ast. Dar Osiyoi Miyona, az on jumla dar Tojikiston Moshro az zamonhoi qadim kisht mekunand.

Dar Tojikiston asosan navhoi mahallii Moshro kisht mekunand; onho ba guruhi navhoi maydahoi (1000 donaash 30—40 g) dokhil meshavand. Davri nashi onho 80—120 ruz ast. Az navhoi seleksioni navi «Tojikiston-1» mamul shu­daast. Moshro asosan baroi donash mekorand. Az on taomhoi bolazzat (moshoba, kichiri, moshpalav, moshbirinj, moshatola) mepazand. Taomi moshdor sergizo, khushtam va khushmaza ast. Doni Mosh 18,7—31,6% safeda, 0,8—2% ravgan, 50—56% oharu qand dorad. Gilofak (kusak)-i khomi onro chun sabzavot mekhurand. Khoshoki Mosh khuroki khubi chorvost.

Ad.: Qosimov N. K. va digaron, Ziroathoi Tojikiston, D., 1975; Flora Tad­jikskoy SSR, t. 5, L., 1978.

A. R. Rasulova.

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