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MONOLOG

monologMONOLOG (az mono… va yun. 16-gos — sukhan, nutq), nutqi monologi, nutqi yak shakhs, yak navi nutqest, ki az jihati sokhtu tarkib tamoman yo qarib ba nutqi hamsuhbat aloqa nadorad va bo hamin az nutqi dialogi (Dialog) farq mekunad. Asosan dar sukhanronihoi notiqon, guftorhoi radio va televizion, jarayoni talim (nutqi muallim dar sinf va g.) istifoda meshavad. Zabon va sokhti kompozisionii nutqi monologi nisbat ba navhoi digari nutq murakkabtar ast.

Monolog dar adabiyot va teatr. Juzi asari badei va yo janri mustaqilest, ki tavassuti nutqi monologi shakl giriftaast. Dar drama (spektakl, kinofilm) guftori qahramon ast, ki az sukhanoni digar qahramonho judo buda, baroi khud yo atrofiyon izhor meshavad. Monolog, aksar baroi ifodai andeshahoi lirikiyu falsafi, mahramonayu publisistii qahramon, nuqtai nazari u ba hayotu zindagi (Monografiyahoi Khamlet az asari Shekspir va Chaskiy az asari Griboedov), inchunin baroi sharhi hodisavu voqeoti pesh az ogozi amaliyoti asosi (syujet)-i pesa va yo amaliyoti pasisahnavi istifoda meshavad. Lirika, aksaran lirikai subektivi, ki dar on bevosita ehsosoti shakhsi ejodkor ifoda megardad, shakli makhsusi Monolog meboshad. Hikoyae, ki dar on sukhan az nomi shakhsi avval meravad, niz ba tavri Monolog sokhta meshavad. Vale dar uslhoi monologi bazan sukhani shakhsi digar, sukhani «begona» (unsurhoi parodiya, mubohisa) joy megirad, az in ru, tadqiqi monologi ba dialog nazdiki paydo mekunad. Dar nasri realistii okhiri asri 19 va asri 20 Monologi botini yake az vositahoi muhimmi tasviri psikhologi gardid. In uslub holo dar adabiyoti sermillati soveti mavqei kalon giriftaast.

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