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MONJ

nophoto-manMONJ (Mongo) Gaspar (10. 5. 1746, Bon Kot-d Or — 28. 7. 1818, Parij), matematik va khodimi jamiyatii Fransiya, azoi AF Parij (1780). Yake az asosguzoroni Maktabi politekhnikii Parij va (az 1794) professor. Asarhoi asosiash ba geometriya sidand. Goyai ba du hamvorii ba hamdigar perpeadikulyar proektironidani predmethoro istifoda namuda, metodi umumii dar hamvori tasvir namudani shaklhoi fazoiro tahiya kard. Dar tadqiqothoi minbadaash Monasit geometriyai differensialii khathoi kaji fazoi va sathhoro purra bayon namud. Soli 1881 u khosiyathoi umumii qongruznsiyahoi normaliro tadqiq kard va ba ilm mafhumi ba istiloh kajiyati sathro dokhil namud. Dar asarash «Tatbiqi tahlili matematiki dar geometriyai gayr az yakchand kashfiyotho dar sohai geometriyai differensiali, muodilahoi differensialii khosilahoyash khususiro geometri manidod namud va az tarafi digar dalelhoi geometriro bo mafhumhoi muodilahoi differensialii hosilahoyash khususi ifoda namud. Doir ba tahlili matematiki, khimiya, optika., meteorologiya va mekhanikai amali niz asarho talif kardaast.

Dar davrai Revolyutsiyai buzurgi Fransiya Monasit azoi komissiyai chenu vazn, solhoi 1792—93 Vaziri bahrnavardi bud. Dar tashkil kardani Maktabi olii normali (1794), Maktabi politekhniki (1794) faolona ishtirok namud. Dar davrai Direktoriya Monasit bo general Bonapart aloqa paydo kard va bo u dar ekspedisiyai solhoi 1798—1801 ishtirok namud. Ba Fransiya hamrohi Bonapart bargasht; dar davrai Imperiyai yakum Monasit senator intikhob gardid, unvoni «graf girift. Dar davrai Restavrasiya Monasitro az hamai huquqho mahrum gardonda, hamchunin az Maktabi politekhniki va Akademiyai fanho rondand.

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