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MOLIKIYaT

molikiyatMOLIKIYaT (ar.— molik budan, sohibi, khujaini), shakli jamiyatii tarikhan munyyani az khud kardani ismathoi moddi, in dar on munosibati bayni odamon dar prosessi istehsoloti jamiyati zohir meshavad. Molikiyat dar dokhili istehsoloti moddi ba vujud omada, sohahoi taqsimot, mubodila va istemolro darbar megirad. Munosibathoi molikiyatdori ba vositahoi istehsolot asosi munosibathoi isthssolii odamon meboshand va onho dar navbati khud tamomi digar munosibathoro muayyan mekunand (nig. Bazis va nadstroyka). Molikiyat vobasta ba darajai inkishofi iqtisodii jamiyat va kharakteri muvofiqati quvvai korgariyu vositahoi istehsolot jamiyati va khususi meshavad. Munosibathoi jamiyati, ki ba shakli muayyani molikiyatdori asos yoftaast, bo huquqi molikiyatdorni konkretii tarikhi ba tartib darovarda va dar asosi qonunhoi dakhldori amalii molu mulkdori tanzim karda meshavad. Dar davran jamoai ibtidoi vositahoi istehsolot va mahsuli mehnat Molikiyati jamoa bud. Molikiyati khususi gardidani vositahoi istehsolot ba istismori odam, taqsimi sinfii jamyat ovarda rasond. Dar davrai gulomdori vositahoi istehsolot va gulom Molikiyati gulomdor bud. Dar davrai feodalizm Molikiyati feodal ba vositahoi istehsolot va pesh az hama ba zamin asosi munosibathoi istehsoliro tashkil medod. Dar barobari Molikiyati feodal Molikiyati dehqoi va kosib niz vujud dosht, ki onro oloti istehsolot va khojagii khususi tashkil mekard. Dar davrai kapitalizm Molikiyati kapitalisti ba vositahoi istehsolot hukmfarmo ast, vale korgari kiroya Molikiyati kapitalist nest. Molikiyat dar davrai sosializm umumikhalqi (davlati) va kolkhoziyu kooperativi meboshad. Dar SSSR barobari galabai Revolyutsiyai Oktyabr va barpo shudani diktaturai proletariat Molikiyati kapitalisti budani vositahoi istehsolot barham khurd, vositahoi istehsolot ba Molikiyati sosialisti tabdil yoft. Dar SSSR barobari Molikiyati jamiyati Molikiyati shakhsii grajdanho ham vujud dorad. Konstitusiyai SSSR ba grajdanho huquq dodaast, ki Molikiyati shakhsii khud (daromad, pasandozhoi mehnati, asbobu anjomi ruzgor va ashyoi istemol)-ro doshta boshand. Dar asosi omezishi du shakli Molikiyati sosialisti (davlati va kolkhoziyu kooperativi) dar rafti sokhtmoni kommunizm Molikiyati yagonai umumikhalqii kommunisti ba vujud meoyad.

Ad.: Marks K., Engels F., Manifest Partiyam Kommupisty, D . 1968; Kolesov I. D . Obshestvennaya sobstvennost na sredstva proizvodstva — osnovnoe proizvodstvennoe otnoshenie sosializma, L., 1007; Kumachenko Ya. S., Prevrashenie sosialisticheskoy sobstvennosti v kommunisticheskuyu sobstvennost, M., 1070.

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