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MOGAP

mogarMOGAP, mohar (Setaria italica ssp. mocharium), giyohi yaksolai khushador. Balandiash to 150 sm; poyai rost; bargi kalon (dar har poya 5— 16-to), khushaguli tugshakl («sulton») va doni maydai zard yo siyoh dorad. Asosan chun ziroati khuroki chorvo mekorand. Mogarro hanuz 2700 sol to m. dar Osiyoi Janubiyu Sharqi kisht mekardand. Holo parvarishi Mogar dar nohiyahoi Qismi evropoii SSSR, Osiyoi Miyona (az jumla RSS Tojikiston) va Qazoqistonu Zavoljiya rasm shudaast. Ziroati ba khushki tobovar ast. Mogarro dar chuqurii 1,5—3 sm mekorand. Meyori kisht — 8—20 kg/ga.

Tukhmi hangomi 10—12° S budani harorat nesh mezanad. Davri nashunamoi Mogar 9—120. ruz. Istifodai nuri (N, R20b va 1\zO 45-kilogrammi) khoshoki Mogarro 10—15 s/ga ziyod mekunad. Mogarzorro baroi khoshok dar ogozi khushabandi medaravand. Az har ga 100—250 s bargu poyai sabz, 25— 65 s khoshok va 15—25 s don megirand. 100 kg khoshoki M. 5,5—6,5 kg proteini hozim doshta, barobari 55 vohidi khurokist. Doni Mogar niz 10,3% safedai khushhazm dorad va nazar ba bisyor khushadorho sergizotar buda, makhsusan dar murgparvari ahamiyati kalon dorad.

Ad.: Rastenievodstvo, M., 1975.

A. A. Madaminov.

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