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MOD

modMOD, viloyati tarikhi, dertar podshohi dar nohiyahoi shim. garbii kuhsori Eron. Bori avval dar solnomahoi oshurii nimai duyumi asri

9.to m. nombar shudaast. Hanuz asrhoi 9—8 to m. dar Mod unsurhoi zaboni forsi ba vujud omada, minbad zaboni mustaqil shud. Ehtimol asrhoi 9—8 to m. dar Mod davrai guzarish az demokratiyai harbi ba sokhti ibtidoii gulomdori hukmron bud; Modiho dar in vaqt bo Oshur, ki qismi hududi onro zabt karda bud, muboriza meburdand. Az rui malumoti makhazhoi oshuri podshohii Mod solhoi 70 asri 7 to m. paydo shuda, Ekbatan poytakhti on gardid. Dar ahdi Kiaksar (solhoi 625/624—584 to m. hukm rondaast) Mod ba davlati buzurgi Sharqi Qadim tabdil yoft. Modiho dar muddati kutoh Manaro zabt karda, hamrohi Bobuliston davlati Oshurro torumor va digar hududhoro ishgol namudand. Forsho soli 5150/549 to 1C Modro zabt va ba davlati Hakhomanishiyon hamroh namudand. Davlati mustaqili Mod faqat dar choryaki okhiri asri 4 to m. barqaror gardida, qisman hududi sobiq Modro dar jan. Ozarboyjon ishgol mekard. Mod dar tarikhi siyosi, iqtisodi va madanii ataiqa joi namoyon dorad. Dar hududi Mod dinu oini zardushtiya pahn shuda bud. Avesto ehtimol asri 4 to m. dar Mod Khurd hamchun majmui qonunho shakl girifta boshad. Yak qismi mimodiho bo qabilahoi mahallii Mod Khurd omekhta shuda, dar tashakkuli ozarboyjoniho roli namoyon bozidaand.

Ad.: Dyakonov I. M..Istoriya Mi- dni ot drevieyshnj vremen do konsa IV v. do n.., M.— L., 1958; Aliev I., Istoriya Midii, Baku, I960.

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