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MELE

nophotoMELE (Mealier) Jan (iyuni 1664, Mazerni — bayni 28. 6. va 6. 7. 1729, Etrepini), faylasufi materialist, ateist, kommunisti khayolii fransavi. Pisari bofandai dehoti. Bo khosti padaru modarash ruhonii deha shud (az 1689). Yagona asarash «Vasiyat» (bori avv. purra s. 1864 dar Amsterdam chop shud)-ro chande pesh az vafotash navishta tamom kard. Dar on Mele sokhti mutlaqiyati feodalii Fransiyaro hamatarafa va sakht tanqid kard. U ziddiyati bayni khalq va «buzurgoni olam»-ro oshtinopazir medonist, Aqidaero dar borai «hokimi bomarifat», ki u guyo dar khizmati jamiyat ast, rad karda khalqro ba revolyusiya davat menamud. Mele tarhi jamiyati idealii kommunistiro chunin tasvir kardaast: hamai odamoni yak mahal boyad dar yak oila — jamoae muttahid shavand, ki dar on molikiyat umumi buda, hama mehnat mekunand va bo ham yopy barodarand; jamoaho bo maqsadi hifzi amniyat va yorii hamdigari bo ham ahdu paymon mekunand. Dar talimoti Mele din hamatarafa tanqid shudaast. Mele hamchun maorifparvar paydoishi dinro natijai firebi mahz donistaast. Sarchashmahoi nazariyavii materializmi Mele atomistikai atiqa va fizikai R. Dekart budand. Mele azaliyatu abadiyati materiya va yagonagii moddii olamro tasdiq karda, metafizikai Dekart, idealizmi N. Malbransh va falsafai diniyu idealistiro tanqid mekard. Aqidahoi falsafii Mele ba tashakkuli jahonbinii materialistoni asri 18 fransavi tasiri ziyod guzoshtand.

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