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«MABDA VA MAOD»

mabda-va-maod«MABDA VA MAOD» (Ch–ogoz, sarshavi va bargashtan), risolai falsafii Ibni Sino, ki dar borai masalahoi gunoguni jahonbinii asrimiyonagi az qabili hasti, sababu natija, nazariyai sudur, tanosubi nafsu tan, tanosukh va g. bahs mekunad. Ibni Sino dar risola avval kategoriyahoi falsafii vojibulvujud va imkonulvujudro sharhu ezoh dodaast, ki bisyor nuqtahoi talimoti u roje ba hamin masala ba muqobili jahonbinii dini ravona shudaast. Mas., prinsipi sababiyatro etirof kardani Ibni Sino dar sistemai marotibi vujud talimoti dinii ofarinishi olamro rad mekunad. Dar risola hamchunin oid ba hodisu qadimii olam, harakatu zamon, ki mazmuni asosii falsafai mashshoro tashkil medihand, fikrhoi nodire mavjudand. Ibni Sino, bar khilofi Arastu, mavjudiyati harakatro dar mavzu mumkin medonad. Dar khususi paydoishi tabiati zindayu gayrizinda u izhori aqida karda, goyai inkishofro ba miyon guzoshtaast. Bahs u andeshaho Sino dar bobi marifat niz dar risola ovarda shudaast. Dar okhiri risola tanosubi tan va rukh, tanosukh mavridi tahlili mutafakkir qapop girifta ast, ki mohiyati nazariyai uro roje ba «Mabda va Maod» tashkil medihad.

F. Sirojov.

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