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Libosi millii tojikon

Libosi millii tojiki: Malumothoi qadima oid ba Libosi ajdodoni qadimtarini tojikon dar asarhoi muarrikhoni yunoni va khitoi vomekhurand. Bozyofthoi arkheologi, surahoi rui devorho va tasviroti rui sang shahodat medihand, ki ajdodoni tojikon az davrai tashakkuli tarikhiashon doroi namudhoi gunoguni kallapushu kuloh va predmethoi oroishu zebu zinati milli budaand.

Libosi millii tojiki

Tadqiqoti bozyoftho, khususan materialhoi asri 19 va avvali asri 20 guvohi medihand, ki Libosi tojikoni qismi Shimol va janubi Tojikistoni hozira az yakdigar andake farq dosht. In farqiyat ba iqtisodiyot va sharoiti geografi vobasta bud. Libosi zanon az kurta, ezor, poyafzol, sarband, oroishi saru gardan, sargirak va faranjiyu chashmband (asosan dar Shimoli Tojikiston) iborat bud.

Du namudi kurta malum bud: yakqad (tuniko), ki holo faqat dar dehoti durdast pirazanho mepushand va kamzulchador, ki holo ham mepushand. Kurtai yakqadro du khel medukhtand: kamartangu domanvase va darozu domanash kame vase, ki az du pahluyash tirez meandokhtand. Poyoni kurtahoi daroz to ba bujulaki po merasid. Dar qismi Shimoli Tojikiston yak namudi kurtai rasmi medukhtand, ki on churtcha nom dosht. Pushti in khel kurtaho yakqad buda, kamzulchai peshash chin-chin dukhta meshud.

Libosi millii kudakon

Dar Tojikiston kurtahoi kutoh rasm bud, ki vay kurtai tag nom dosht va onro az zeri kurta mepushidand. Gireboni kurtahoi zanonaro du khel medukhtand: peshkushod yo bugak. Kurtai girebonash meshkushodro asosan zanhoi solkhurda mepushidand, ki on kamarcha yo tugma dosht. Kurtai girebonash bugakro dukhtaronu arusonu javonzanon mepushidand. Kurtahoi zanona az dukhtarona faqat bo dukhti girebon farq mekardand. Gireboni chunin kurtaho ufuqi burida shuda, bo magzi, zehgulu gulduzi oro doda meshud. Dar Janubi Tojikiston kurtahoi idona, tuyona va ruzmarraro gul mepartoftand va yurmaduzi mekardand. Dar Shimol gireboni kurta va bazan domani onro yurma yo gulduzi mekardand.

Poyafzoli zanona az mahsi, kafshi chubin va charmin iborat bud. Zanon vaqti kor bazan choruqu muza mepushidand. Libosi tagpushi mardon az ezori darozi vase va kurta iborat bud. Burish va dukhti kurta dar hama jo yak khel buda, faqat bo shakli girebon farq mekard. Darozii on odatan az zonu poyon bud, vale baroi javonon kutohtar medukhtand. Gireboni kurtaro ufuqi yo shoquli, bazan ufuqiyu shoquli burida, magzi medavondand yo sheroza mechaspondand.

Dar Shimoli Tojikiston kurtahoi girebonbugaki tugmador rasm bud. Dar aksari nohiyahoi Tojikiston az boloi kurta yaktah, jelaki beastar mepushidand. Dar Qarotegin, Darvoz, Yagnob, Mastchoh dar peshi jelak az zer matoi chorkunjai darozruya medukhtand, ki on vazifai kurtaro ado mekard. Dar Shimoli Tojikiston yaktahhoi peshkushodro ba joi kurta mepushidand. Dar Pomir va baze qishloqhoi Darvoz az rui kurta kamzulchahoi kutohi beostin (vaskat) mepushidand. Nomahoi serpakhtayu kampakhtai abrayu astardor, ki dar labi doman, sari ostinash zeh meshinondand, inchunin chakmani mokhuti, pashmin va pustin Libosi zimistona hisob meyoftand.

Badi Rossiya  Osiyoi Miyonaro zapt namud dar bayni sokinoni in sarzamin, az jumla tojikon, khelhoi navi poyafzol va gayra paydo shuda, Libosi evropoi rasm shud. Holo joi kurtahoi yakqadu chakman, choruqu mukiro paltoyu kostyum, plash, mu-zayu botinka megirad. Vale ananahoi behtarini Libosi millii tojikon takmil meyoband va ahamiyati khudro gum nakardaand.

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SATO

SATO, asbobi musiqii torist, ki bo kamoncha menavozand. Sato dar bayni tojikoi, uzbekho, eroniyon, afgonho …