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LERMONTOV Mikhail Yurevich

LERMONTOV Mikhail Yurevich (16. 10.1814, Moskva — 27.7.1841, Pyatigorsk), shoiri rus. Az oilai kapitani ba istefo baromada. Dar Universiteti Moskva tahsil namudaast (1830— 32). Soli 1837 baroi sheri «Margi shoir» (ba vafoti A. S. Pushkin) ba Kavkaz badarga shudaast. Lermontov dar badarga goyahoi dekabristonro inkishof dod. Dostonhoi avvalinash («Cherkasho», 1828; «Bandii Kavkaz», 1828) dar payravii A. S. Pushkin navishta shudaand.

LERMONTOV Mikhail YurevichLermontov davomdihaidai ananahoi ejodii A. S. Pushkin buda, ejodiyotash dar solhoi reaksiya, pas az pakhsh gardidani shurishi dekabristho, inkishof yoftaast. Dar sherhoi liriki («Margi shoir», 1837; «Andesha»,1838 va g.), dostonhoi romantiki («Iblis», 1829; «Ismoilboy», 1832; «Msiri», 1839) va dramahoi Lermontov («Ispaniho», 1830; «Odami ajoib», 1831; «Maskarad», 1835 va g.) kushishhoi ojodikhohonai ommai peshqadami rus dar solhoi 30—40-um inikos yoftaand. Lirikai L. («Borodino», 1837; «Shoir», 1838; «Vasiyat», 1840; «Vatan», 1841 va g.) az pafosi grajdani va goyahoi vatandusti sarshorand. Dar dostonhoi Lermontov («Khoja Abrek», 1835; «Boyarin Orsha», 1835 va g.) mubornzoni rohi ozodi vasf shudaand. Dostoni tarikhii Lermontov «Surud dar vasfi shoh Ivan Vasilevich» (1838) shuhrati tamom dosht. Lermontov az ananahoi lirikai romantikni dekabristho bahra burdaast. U ba ashori puroshubi Bayron tavajjuh dosht.

Qullai realizmi Lermontov romani «Qahramoni davroni mo» (1840) meboshad. Roman mazmuni amiqi psikhologi va ijtimoi doshta, khususiyathoi muhimmi jamiyati dvoryaniro inikos kardaast. Lermontov prinsiphoi ejodii A. S. Pushkinro idoma doda, rohhoi navi inkishofi nazmi rusro justuju namudaast. Ashorash tarovati khosa dorad. «Lermontov ba kulli shoiri asri digar buda, anshori u dar silsilai inkishofi tarikhii jamiyati mo halqai nav ast» (Belinskiy). Tasiri Lermontov dar ejodiyoti N. A. Nekrasov, I. S. Turgenev, Lermontov. N. Tolstoy, F. M. Dostoevskiy, inchunin dar ashori A,. Blok, V. V. Mayakovskiy mushohida meshavad. Dramaturgiyai Lermontov dar iikishofi sanati teatri roli kalon bozidaast. Dar dehai Lermontovo va shahri Pyatigorsk muzeyhoi yodgorii Lermontov tashkil shudaand. Dostonhoi «Iblis» (1940), «Baidii Kavkaz» (1946), «Msiri» (1949,1975), romani «Qahramoni davroni mo» (1936, 1978) va majmuai ashori Lermontov bo nomi «Javononi jovidoni» (1962) ba zaboni tojiki tarjuma shudaand.

Ashori Lermontov ba ejodiyoti shoironi tojik tasiri pursamar rasonidaast.

Os: Asarhoi muntakhab, Stalinobol, 1951; Sobr. soch., t. 1—4, M., 1964—65.

Ad.: Bibliografii literaturi o M. Yu. Lermontove. 1917—1077 gg.. M.. 1980.

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