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GULOM

GULOM (ar. — banda, bandai zarkharid), 1) bandahoi zarkharid dar mamlakathoi musulmonii asrhoi miyona; 2) Gvardiyai savorai doimi dar khilofati Abbosiyon, ki dar ahdi khalifa Mamun (hukmr. 813— 833) az gulomoni javoni az khorija kharidashuda (asosan turknajod) tashkil meyoft. Sarbozoii gvardiyahoi darborii digar davlathoi musulmonii asrhoi miyona (murodifash mamluk, nig. niz Mamlukho) hamchunin nom doshtand. 3) Dar Imperiyam Usmoniya — sarbozoni qatorii lashkari feodalon. 4) Dar Saltanati Dehli (Hinduston) — sarbozoni gulomi turknajod va sultonhoi Dehli (s-hoi hukmroniashon 1206—90), ki az hayati farmondehii  in sarbozho baromadaand. 5) Yake az sinfhoi asosii jamiyati gulomdori, ki az tamomi huquqhoi ichtimoi va siyosi mahrum bud (nig. niz Sokhti gulomdori)

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SAFORAT

SAFORAT, namoyandagi, koru amali safir, ki az tarafi davlate ba poytakhti davlati digar meravad. Nigared, …