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GULING

GULING, gulung, zardolui khushk, zardoluqoq, zardolui khushkonidaro guyand. Odatan navhoi sergushtu khushtami zardoluro mekhushkonand (asosan dar oftob).

ghuling

Bazan pesh az khushkonidan zardoluro bo gazi sulfit bug medihand va chunin F.-po «turshak» ham meguyand. Vobasta ba khususiyati navhoi zardolu F. kalondona (navhoi mirsanjari, isfarak, khurmoi, zarafshoni, navoi va g.), miyona (boboi, qandak, khusravoni va g.) va rezadona (khasak, kharchi) meshavad. Navhoi gunogunro ba ham omekhtan mumkin nest. F.-i oftobi va bo gazi sulfit bugdodaro ba navhoi yakum va duyum judo mekunand. F.-i rezadona faqat yak nav ast. Diametri F.-i kalondonai navi yakum ziyoda az 22 mm, navi duyum 18 mm meshavad. F.-e, ki az korkardi zavodi guzashtaast, navi alo (diametrash to 26 mm) niz dorad. F- boyad osebnodidavu bejirm boshad, tam va bui tabii doshta boshad. F.-i oftobi 16% va zavodi 18% nami dorad. Dar F.-e, ki onro bo gazi sulfit bur dodaand, to 0,01% SOj hast. Az 5 t zardolui tar 1 t F. megirand. F.-po farovon istemol mekunand. Dar qannodi niz ahamiyati kalon dorad. F. manbai moddahoest, ki baroi organizmi odam khele zarurand (nig. jadval).

Ad.: P u l a t o v A., Tadjikskiy abrikos, D., 1976.

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