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ERAJ

ERAJ personaji asotiru rivoyathoi qadimii eroni va «Shohnoma»-i Firdavsi, pisari khurdii Faridun, barodari khurdi Tur va Salm. Oid ba E. dar Avesto va osori pahlavi («Dinkard») sukhan raftaast. Muvofiqi rivoyati Firdavsi Faridun daleriyu dilovarii E.-ro dar ovoni javoniash pay burd, az in ru baroi mustahkam nigoh doshtani takhtu davlat kishvari asosii khud — Eronro ba E. dod, ki in boisi norozigii barodaroni kaloni u shud. Onho E.-ro ba nazdi khud davat karda, vahshiyona kushtand. Manuchehr ba intiqomkhohii E. rafta, Turu Salmro nobud kard.

Obrazi E.-ro Firdavsi bo samimiyat va mehru shafqat tasvir kardaast. U az jumlai javonmardoni betolei «Shohnoma» (Siyovush, Suhrob va dig.) meboshad, ki khohoni sulhu osoishi kishvar bud, vale qurboni fitnavu makr gardid.

Ad.: Abulqosimi Firdavsi. Shohnoma, j. 1, D., 1987;

  1. Dilovarov.

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SATO

SATO, asbobi musiqii torist, ki bo kamoncha menavozand. Sato dar bayni tojikoi, uzbekho, eroniyon, afgonho …