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BOZRASII DAVLATII AVTOMOBILI (BDA)

bdaBOZRASII DAVLATII AVTOMOBILI (BDA), shakli makhsusi maqomoti idorakuni va nazorati davlati, ki bo maqsadi tamini bekhatarii harakat dar roh tasis doda shudaast. BDA mohi marti soli 1936 dar markaz va dar joyho ba tobeiyati Sarrayosati militsiyai korgaru dehqon guzaronida shuda, 3-yumi iyuli hamon sol Shuroi Ko­missariati khalqii Ittihodi Shuravi Nizomnomaro «Dar borai Bozrasii davlatii avtomobili» tasdiq namud. Soli 1930 pas az ba jumhuri vorid gashtani korvoni avvalini avtomobilho Hukumati Jumhurii Shuravii Sotsialistii Tojikiston baroi tashkil namudani khadamoti millii BDA qaror qabul kard.

Nizomnomai Shubai BDA-i Vazorati hifzi tartiboti jamiyatii Jumhurii Shuravii Sotsialistii Tojikiston bo qarori Shuroi Vazironi Jumhurii Shuravii Sotsialistii Tojikiston 19 dekabri 1963 ba tasvib rasida, bo farmoni Vazorati hifzi tartiboti jamiyatii Jumhurii Shuravii Sotsialistii Tojikiston takhti № 188 az 27 iyuni 1964 elon karda shud. Mohi noyabri 1967 Shuroi Vazironi IJShS «Dar borai rushdi bekhata­rii harakat dar shahrho, mahalhoi aholinishin va rohhoi avtomobilgard» qarori dakhldor qabul namud, ki samti asosii faoliyati BDA-ro oid ba peshgirii falokathoi naqliyot dar roh muayyan menamud. Vazifahoi nav dar sohai tamini bekhatarii harakat dar roh, dar sokhtor, shakl va tarzi faoliyati BDA tagyiroti sifatan kulliro vorid namud. Soli 1980 shubai BDA-i VKD Tojikiston ba Rayosati BDA-i VKD Tojikiston tabdil doda shud. Saravval ba khayati on tanho yak khadamot – shubai tashkili harakat dar roh shomil bud. Soli 1981 ilovatan bakhshi nazorati tekhniki, guruhi tashviqotu targibot, bakhshi takhlilu hisoboti va bakhshi rohboni tasis doda shud. In tagyirot asosi voqeii takhassusii kori dastgohi markazii BDA-ro tashkil medod.

Bo maqsadi khub ba roh mondani tanzimi harakat dar roh, qabul namudani malumot oid ba khususiyati harakat dar rohhoi avtomobilgard, jobajoguzorii alomathoi roh va kashidani khathoi amudiyu ufuqi soli 1969 dar tarkibi BDA idorai makhsusgardonidashudai vaslu istifodabari va aznavsozii vositahoi tekhnikii tanzimi harakat tashkil karda shud. Ba hamin monand idora mohi yan­vari 1973 avval dar nazdi Hukumati shahri Dushanbe, badan soli 1986 dar nazdi BDA VKD Tojikiston va soli 2005 dar nazdi Rayosati VKD Tojikiston tasis doda shud.

Dar asosi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai harakat dar roh» (soli 1995) bo Qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 18 fevrali 1998 tahti raqami №55 Nizomnomai BDA VKD Tojikiston tasdiq karda shud. Tibqi Nizomnoma ba zimmai BDA-i VKD Tojikiston ijroi vazifahoi zerin guzoshta shudaast:

  1. Nazorati davlatii rioyai qoidaho, asnodi zayli amalkunandai Jumhurii Tojikiston: qoidahoi harakat dar roh va digar asnodi meyorie, ki huquq va vazifahoi ishtirokkunandagoni harakat dar rohro muqarrar mekunand; qoidaho, meyorho va standartho hangomi loihakashi, sokhtmon, aznavsozi va tamiri rohho, inshooti roh, guzargohhoi rohi ohan va khathoi naqliyoti barqii shahri dar bobati tamini bekhatarii harakat dar roh; qoidahoi dar holati baroi harakat bekhatar nigoh doshtani rohhoi avtomobilgard, inshooti roh va guzargokhkhoi rohi ohan; qoidaho, meyorho va standartho dar bobati guzoshtan va istifodabarii vositahoi tekhnikii tanzimi harakat dar roh; meyor va standarthoe, ki talabotro ba sokhtmon va holati tekhnikii vositahoi naqliyot va yadakhoi tahti istifoda qarordoshtai onho dar bobati tamini bekhatarii harakat dar roh va hifzi muhiti zist az tasiri zararovari naqliyoti avtomobili muqarrar mekunand; asnodi meyorie, ki ba tamini bekhatarii harakat dar roh hangomi az nav tajhizonidani avtomobilho, avtobusho, yadaku nimyadakho, mototsiklho va digar vositahoi naqliyoti muharrikdor, vositahoi makhsusgardonidashudai naqliyoti avtomobili dar korkhonakho, sarfi nazar az shakli mo­likiyat, hamchunin az jonibi shahrvandoni alohida, ki dar hududi Tojikiston faoliyat menamoyand; asnodi me­yorie, ki talabotro dar bobati tamini bekhatarii harakat dar roh hangomi intiqoli borhoi vaznin, khavfnok va kalonhajm muqarrar mekunand. 2. Qabuli imtihonho oid ba qoidahoi harakat dar roh va malakai idora namudani vositahoi naqliyot, dodani shahodatnomaho dar borai hu­quqi idora kardani vositahoi naqliyoti avtomobili. 3. Baqaydgirii vositahoi naqliyoti avtomobili va yadakhoi onho, dodani khujjathoi bahisobgiriyu baqaydgiri va nishonhoi raqami ba vositahoi naqliyot va yadakhoi baqaydgiriftashuda. 4. Tashkil va doir namudani muoinai hatmii davlatii tekhnikii vositahoi naqliyoti avtomobili va yadakhoi onho. 5. Tanzimi harakat dar roh, az jumla bo istifodai vositahoi tekhniki va sistemahoi avtomatikonidashuda, tamini bekhatarii harakati vositahoi naqliyot va piyodagardho dar joyhoe, ki korhoi sadamaviyu najotdihi va chorabinihoi ommavi guzaronida meshavand. 6. Ishtirok dar muhofizati tartiboti jamiyati va muboriza bar ziddi jinoyatkori. 7. Yakjo bo digar khadamoti korhoi dokhili ijro namudani suporish va dasturhoi mufattish oid ba justujui ronandagone, ki az joyi hodisa gayb zadaand, vositahoi naqliyoti avtomobilie, ki duzdida burda shudaand. 8. Taftishot az ruyi parvandaho doir ba qonunshikanihoi mamuri mutobiqi qonun. 9. Amali namudani chorahoi takhirnopazir dar joyi ruydodi hodisahoi rohu naqliyot, az jumla andeshidani tadbirho baroi berun barovardani odamon va rasondani yorii avvaliyai tibbi, hamchunin yori baroi intiqoli vositahoi naqliyoti osebdida va hifzi amvole, ki dar natijai hodisai rohu naqliyot benazorat mondaast. 10. Dar hududi salohiyati khud va mutobiqi qonun ba roh mondani taftishot az ruyi parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi dar sohai harakat dar roh sodirshuda. 11. Baqaydgirii hodisahoi rohu naqliyot, vayronkunii qoidahoi harakat dar roh va chorahoi dar in bobat andeshidashuda, vositahoi naqliyoti avtomobilii bo tartibi muqarrarshuda ba qayd giriftashuda. 12. Omukhtani sharoiti harakat dar roh, andeshidani tadbirho dar khususi takmili tashkili harakati vositahoi naqliyot va piyodagardon, bo tartibi muqarrarshuda ba muvofiqa rasonidani loihahoi tashkili harakat dar shahrho va rohhoi avtomobilgard, barnomahoi tarbiyai mutakhassison oid ba bekhatarii harakat dar roh. 13. Bo tartibi muqarrarshuda anjom dodani mushoyaati vositahoi naqliyoti avtomobili, az jumla dar asosi shartnoma. 14. Muvofiqa namudani loihahoi sokhtmon, aznavsozi va tamiri rohho, inshooti roh, khatti naqliyoti barqii shahri dar bobati tamini bekhatarii harakat dar roh, barrasii masalahoi kushodani khathoi sayri doimii naqliyoti istifodai umum va dodani khulosaho doir ba onho. 15. Tashrehi qonunguzorii dar sohai harakat dar roh amalkunanda ba tavassuti vositahoi akhbori umum, mavoddi kino, video va digar mavoddi nasharoti, inchunin nashriyahoi khudi, doir namudani namoishu ozmunho va musobiqaho, hamkori dar tashkili talimi qoidahoi harakat ba shahrvandon. 16. Yajo bo vazoratu idoraho, tashkilotu muassisahoi ilmii manfiatdor tahiya namudani peshnihodot dar mavridi baland bardoshtani darajai bekhatarii harakat dar roh, peshgirii qonunshikani dar sohai harakat dar roh. 17. Oshkor sokhtani omilho va sharoite, ki sababi ruy dodani hodisahoi rohu naqliyot, vayron kardani qoidahoi harakat dar roh va digar amoli gayriqonuni dar sohai kharakat dar roh megardand va dar hududi salohiyati khud andeshidani tad­birho dar bobati bartaraf kardani onho.

Ijroi talaboti shakhsoni mansabdori BDA hangomi dar sari adoi vazifahoi khidmati qaror doshtaii onho baroi tamomi ashkhos va shahrvandoni jumhuri hatmist.

M. Saidov.

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