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BOZON

bozonBOZON (az nasabi fizikii hind – Sh. Boze), boze-zarra, zarrai qimati spinash butun (0, 1, 2,), Bozonho bar khilofi fermionho ba omori Boze-Eynshteyn itoat meku­nand, ki muvofiqi on shumorai dilkhohi zarrahoi yakson dar yak holati kvanti qaror megirand. Bozonho bunyodi va tarkibi meshavand. Bozonhoi bunyodi kvanti maydonhoi kalibri hastand, ki bo yorii onho fermionhoi bunyodi (leptonho, kvarkho) dar modeli standarti tasiri mutaqobila mekunand. Ba chunin Bozonho fotonho (tasiri mutaqobilai elektromagniti), glyuonho (tasiri mutaqobilai purzur), va 2-bozonho (tasiri mutaqobilai sust) mansuband. Ba Bozonhoi bunyodi graviton va Bozoni Higgs niz taalluq dorand, ki mavjudiyati onho peshgui shuda­ast, vale to hol dar tajriba oshkor nagardidaand. Ba Bozonhoi tarkibi holathoi aloqamandi dukvarkii ziyod man­suband, ki mezonho nomida meshavand. Misoli digari Bozonho hastahoi shumorai nuklonhoyashon (protonho va neytronho) juft meboshad.

Adabiyot: Shvars A. S. Elementi kvantovoy teorii polya. Bozonnie vzaimodeystviya. Moskva, 1975; Migdal A. B. Fermioni i bozoni v sil­nikh polyakh. Moskva, 1978.                                                           

M. Kholov.

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