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BOZI

boziBOZI, yake az namudhoi asosii faoliyati jismiyu zehni, ki dar inkishofi hamajonibai fardii bachaho muhim ast. Dar Bozi talabi ba olami atrof tasir rasonda­ni kudak zohir gardida, sifathoi fikri, akhloqi va irodaviash tashakkul meyoband. Bozi dar kudak khamchun shaqli baamalbarorii faoliyat khidmat menamoyad. Amalhoi Bozi dar kudakon dar natijai taqlidi onho ba raftorhoi kalonsolon hangomi muoshirat tashakkul meyoband. Boziho beshtar khususiyati kollektivi dorand. Dar Bozihoi dastajami kollektivi bachaho ba vujud omada, sifathoi dusti va khamkorii onho inkishof meyobad. Bozihoi gunoguni serharakat va didaktiki ba darki sifathoi alohidai ashyo, inkishofi mushohidakori, khulosabarori va digar tarafhoi faoliyati fikri madad merasonand. Kudak dar Bozi khususiyathoi baroyash nomalumi ashyoro donista, tadrijan ba darki tasiri baynihamdigari va vazifai ashyo merasad. Hamai Bozihoi dastajamona, ki ijroi onho rioya kar­dani qoidai muayyanro talab mekunad, ba tarbiyai iroda va talabhoi umum itoat kunondani mahorati bacha yori merasonad. Mazmuni Bozi bo in­kishofi kudak niz tagyir me­yobad. Dar sinni khurdi maktabi bachaho ba sifathoi jasoratnoki, purquvvati, cholokii odamon taqlidkunon bozi me­kunand. Dar sinni miyonai maktabi (khususan dar 11-14-solagi) Bozihoi doroi maz­muni romantikiyu qahramoni ahammiyati beshtar paydo menamoyand. Dar in sinnu sol Boziho dar khudtarbiyakunii bachagon naqshi buzurg mebozand. Boziho sujetnok, varzishi, didaktiki, binokori, konstruktori va gayra meshavand. Bozihoi kalonsolon (masalan, varzishi) dar inkishofi shuuri kudakon va navrason faolona tasir merasonand. Bozihoi talimi (kori, sujeti-naqshi) niz mavjudand, ki solhoi okhir dar ravandi omuzish vase istifoda meshavand va dar khud khususiyathoi faoliyati ozi. va talimiro niz tajassum mekunand.

Adabiyot: Lugati tafsirii istilohoti pedagogika. Dushanbe, 1988; Qodirov Q. B., Davlatov M. T., Rasulov S. X. Vojanamai tafsirii istilohoti psikhologi va pedagogi. Dushanbe, 2008.

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BORNDALEN

BORNDALEN, Byorndalen (Bjorndalen) Ule Eynar (27. 1.1974), varzishgari norvegi (biatlon, lijaroni). Chempioni Bozihoi olimpi dar …