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BOZII SARE

bozii-sareBOZII SARE, yak namudi bozii roij dar shohmot, ki hangomi on baroi yak didor na besh az yak soat (ba har yak raqib na besh az 30 daqiqa) vaqt doda meshavad. Qoidahoi Bozii sare soli 1987 dar Majmai kulli Federatsiyai baynalmilalii shohmot (FBSh) dar shahri Sevil ba tasvib rasidaand. In qoidaho chuninand: 1) har yak bozigar vazifador ast to zamone, ki na kam az 5 daqiqa fursat dorad, harakathoro sabt kunad; 2) bozigar tugmachai soatro boyad bo hamon daste pakhsh kunad, ki muhra meronad; 3) agar parchami yake az bozigaron sarnagun shavad, raqibi u boyad favran soatro az harakat bozdorad va baroi sabti piruzii khesh dovarro ogoh kunad; 4) agar parchami har du bozigar sarnagun sha­vad, in didor musovi elon meshavad; 5) dar in mavrid didorho niz musovi shumurda meshavand – agar dar ruyi takhta faqat boqi monda boshad: a) du shoh muqobili ham; b) shohe alayhi shoh va yak muhrai sabuk (asp yo fil); v) shoh va file alayhi shoh va fil, ki dar zimn hamrang niz boshand; 6) ilova bar in nishondodho yake az raqibon haq dorad bo in sharoit dar bozi darkhosti musovi kunad: a) harifi u tanho bo yak shoh mondaast; b) u kishti doimi elon mekunad; v) harifash amalan imkoni piruzi nadorad. Dar asosi qarori Majmai kulli FBSh az soli 1988 chempionathoi Avrupo va jahon oid ba Bozii sare barpo megar­dand. Nakhustin chempioni jahon dar in namudi shohmot A. Karpov meboshad.

Adabiyot: Shakhmati. Ensiklopedicheskiy slovar. Moskva, 1990.

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