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BOZII BARQOSO

blitzBOZII BARQOSO, blits (az olmoni Blitz – barq), yak navi bozii shohmot, ki hangomi on bar khilofi bozihoi mamuli va rasmi (1-3 soat tul mekashad) baroi har taraf az 3 to 5 daqiqa vaqt doda meshavad. Qavonini in bozi mamuliyand, ba juz chand vijagii muqarrarshuda. Nakhustin musobiqai Bozii barqoso dar yake az klubhoi shohmoti London (1897) doir shudaast, ki on zamon baroi andesha ba har gasht 30 s peshbini meshud. Takmili tadrijii soathoi shohmotbozi ba nizomi navi Bozii barqoso musoidat kard. Bisyore az chempionhoi shohmoti jahon va digar nomovaroni in hunar, az qabili A. Alyokhin, X. Kapablanka, E. Lasker, M. Tal, T. Petrosyan, B. Fisher va digaron dar Bozii barqoso mumtoz budand. Soli 1945 grossmeysteri amrikoi Rayben Fayn dar barobari 4 takhta ba bozii hamzamonii chashmbasta nishast (baroi har kharakat 10 s) va bar hama, az jumla bar grossmeystari oyandai shohmot R. Brin piruz shud. Roje ba ahammiyat va arzishi Bozii barqoso nazari korshinoson mukhtalif ast. Yake (masalan, M. Tal) arzishi onro dar dina­mizm va chazzobiyat binad, digare (masalan, M. Botvinnik) Bozii barqosoro az lihozi barkhurdi ejodi kamsamar meshumorad. Bozii barqoso dar jahon ravnaq dorad, dar chandin kishvar chempionathoi milli doir megardand. Nakhustin golibi chempionati gayrirasmii jahon oid ba Bozii barqoso M. Tal meboshad.

Adabiyot: Shakhmati. Ensiklopedicheskiy slovar. Moskva 1990.

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