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BOZIHOI OLIMPI

bozihoi-olimpiBOZIHOI OLIMPI, 1) id va musobiqahoi ommavi dar Yunoni Qadim. Muvofiki ananai tarikhi az soli 776 to milod har 4 sol yak bor dar shahrchai Olimp (shimoli garbii Peloponnesi viloyati Elida) barguzor megardid. Ba in munosibat dar in jo varzishgohho, havzhoi shinovari, gimnasiya (mashqgoh), haramho va gayra sokhta meshudand. Dar maydoni makhsus mahsuloti khojagii khalq namoish doda meshud. Dar rafti Bozihoi olimpi barobari varzishgaron olimon, faylasufon, navozandagonu rassomoni mashhur va arboboni davlati niz jam meomadand. Ruzhoi omad va bozgashti varzishgaron dar Bozihoi olimpii Yunoni Qadim otashbasti muqaddas elon karda meshud. Dar musobiqa varzishga­ron az ruyi vaznbardori, shamsherzani, nayzapartoi, kamonvari, mushtzani (boks), davidan va gayra quvvaozmoi namuda, ananahoi gunogunro ijro mekardand. Dar musobiqa faqat mardho ishtirok menamudand. Baroi zanho bozihoi alohida tashkil mekardand. Golibon bo mukofotho sarfaroz megardidand. Tuhfai asosi toji sari az navdahoi darakhti zaytun bo kordi tiloi buridashuda bud. Barguzorii Bozihoi olimpi dar asri 4 badi ba joyi butparasti gustarish yoftani dini masehi man karda shud. 2) Kalontarin majmui musobiqahoi baynalmilalii zamoni hozira. Asosguzori Bozihoi olimpii muosir – shahrvandi Faronsa Baron Per de Kuberten. Shart, qoida va nizomnomahoi Bozihoi olimpiro kongressi baynalmilalii soli 1894-umi Poris, ki dar on namoyandagoni 34 mamlakat shirkat doshtand, muayyan kardaast. Maqomi rohbarikunandai Bozihoi olimpii muosir Kumitai baynalmilalii olimpi meboshad. Nakhustin Bozihoi olimpii muosir soli 1896 dar shahri Afina (Yunon) barguzor gardid. Az soli 1924 to imruz Bozihoi olimpii zimistona niz bar­guzor megardand. Bozihoi olimpii VI (1916), XII (1940) va XIII (1944) az sababi janghoi yakum va duyumi jahoni barguzor nashudaand. Avvalin shirkatdori Bozihoi olimpi az Tojikiston varzishgar – qaiqron Ibrohim Hasanov (soli 1960, dar Bozihoi olimpii XVII shahri Rumi Itoliyo) meboshad. Varzishgar Yuriy Lobanov dar Bozihoi olimpii XX Myunkhen (1972) oid ba qaiqroni golib omad. Zebuniso Rustamova dar Bozihoi olimpii XXI Monreal (1976) oid ba kamonvari sohibi medali birinji gardid. Dar Bozihoi olimpii XXII Maskav (1980) Anatoliy Starostin oid ba panjharbai muosir sohibi du medali tillo (dar hayati dasta va shakhsi) va Yuriy Lobanov sohibi medali birinji gashtaand. Soli 1992 varzishgari tojik Andrey Abduvaliev dar gurzpartoi chempioni Bozihoi olimpii shahri Barselo­na (Ispaniya) shud. Dar solhoi sohibistiqlolii Tojikiston dar Bozihoi olimpii XXIX Pekin (2008) Yusuf Abdusalomov oid ba gushtini tarzi ozod joyi 2-yum, Rasul Boqiev oid ba gushtini dzyudo joyi 3-yum va mushtzandukhtari tojik Mavzuna Chorieva dar Olimpiadai London (2013) sohibi medali birinji gardidand.

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BORNDALEN

BORNDALEN, Byorndalen (Bjorndalen) Ule Eynar (27. 1.1974), varzishgari norvegi (biatlon, lijaroni). Chempioni Bozihoi olimpi dar …