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BOZIHOI BAChAGON

detskie-igryBOZIHOI BAChAGON, yake az vositahoi tarbiyai fikri, akhloqi, jismoni va zeboishinosii bachakho. Dar bozi holatkhoi ruhi: ehsosot, idrok, tafakkur, khayol, khotira, iroda va gayra inkishof meyobad. Dar Bozihoi bachagon mazmuni faoliyati kalonsolon inikos meyobad va onho se khususiyat dorand: bacha boziro ozod va bo mayli khud ijro mekunad; dar bozi shirkat karda, ejodkori menamoyad; dar bozi sargarm shuda ba zavq meoyad va dar vay hissi dustiyu rafoqat meafzoyad. Bozihoi bachagon ba bozi bo bozichaho, bozihoi taqlidi, serharakat va bozihoi didaktiki taqsim meshavad: 1) bozi bo bozichaho asosan ba bachahoi sinnu soli maktabi khos ast (masalan, shakshakabozi, regbozi va gayra); 2) dar bozihoi taqlidi bachaho ba faoliyati buzurgsolon taqlid mekunand (ronanda, dukhtur, furushanda va gayra). In boziho voqeahoi muhiti atrofi bachahoro aks menamoyand. Barobari kamoloti bachaho bozihoyashon ham murakkab meshavad; 3) bozihoi serharakatro bachaho tanho yo gurukh-guruh ijro mekunand (masalan, chashmbandak, akkolbozi, askarbozi va gayra). In boziho beshtar ba bachahoi sinni maktabi khos buda, salomatiyu irodai onhoro mustahkam va qobiliyatashonro afzun mekunand; 4) bozihoi di­daktiki baroi tarbiyai aqlii bachaho ahammiyat dorand va beshtar ba bachahoi guruhi kaloni bogcha va talabagoni sinfhoi ibtidoi khossand (lotobozihoi makhsus, chiston va gayra). Dar in boziho ehsos, idrok, diqqat, khotir inkishof meyobad.

Adabiyot: Lugati tafsirii istilohoti pedagogika. Dushanbe, 1988.

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