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BORJOMI

borjomiBORJOMI, shahr, markazi muzofoti Borjomii Jumhurii Gurjiston. Dar beshazori darai Borjomii Qafqoz, dar balandii 800-1000 m az sathi bahr, dar vodii d. Kura, ba samti janub-garbi shahri Tbilisi (Tiflis) voqe ast. Aholiash 14 hazor nafar (2010). Iqlimash mutadili subtropiki bu­da, zimistonash narmi kambarf (harorati miyonai yanvar – 2°S), tobistonash salqin (harorati miyonai avgust – 20° S). Borjomi asosan bo chashmahoi madaniash, ki oshomidaniyu muolijaviand, mashhuri jahon buda, az jihati sodiroti on mavqei asosiro sohib ast. Obi mineralii Borjomi dar sarosari davlathoi pasoshuravi mamul meboshad. Dar Borjomi osoishgohhoi iqlimi, tabobatgohho (Sagveri, Semi, Li-kani, Patara Semi), istirohatgohhoi alohida (Ahaldaba, Daba, Dviri, Majartskhami, Mzeta-Mze, Tba, Tsinubani, Tsikhijvari) mavjudand, ki dar onho bemorihoi medavu ruda, jigaru gurda, masonavu talkhadon, dilu rag, silsilai asab va rohhoi nafas muolija karda meshavand. Borjomi istgohi okhirini rohi ohani kambari Borjomi – Bakuriani ast. 22 iyuni 2005 Gurjiston Borjomiro yake az dovtalaboni barguzorii Bozihoi olimpii zimistonai soli 2014 elon namud. Borjomi yagona shahrest, ki dar ihotai silsilakuhhoi past joy girifta, beshahoi suzanbargu pahnbarg dorad. Dar Borjomi ziyoda az 200 yodgori tarikhi, az jumla qala, dayr va kaliso mavjudand. Dar bayni onho Qasri shoho­ni Rus – Romanovho, ki dar asri 18 bunyod shudaast, mavqei makhsus dorad. Osorkhonai kishvarshinosi, bogi shahri, bogi milli, mamnugohho, teatri milli, zavoddhoi shisha va obhoi madani dorad.

Adabiyot.: Novaya rossiyskaya ensiklopediya. T. III (1). Moskva, 2007.

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