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BON

bonBON (Moringa olcifera), hubbulbon, yak nav darakht. To 10 metr qad mekashad. Bon barghoi nozuku khushbuy doshta, az donahoi pistamonandi on ravgani khushbuy (35-40%) megirand. Ba aqidai Aburayhoni Beruni agar Bonro jushonand, buyi baland paydo mekardaast. Ravgani Bon az behtarin ravganhoi khushbuy ast. «Anbari bobon» (anbari omekhta bo Bon) yake az khushbihoi mashhuri qadimist. Abualii Sino bo ravgani Bon dardi gushro tabobat mekard va dogi kunjitakro meravond. Donai Bonro chun dorui khunband va baroi muolijai illati sipurzu jigar isti­foda meburd, marhamashro ba har guna omosu ozakh mebast. Bonro dar Hinduston va Pokiston az qadim parvarish mekunand. Meva (gilofak)-i navrasashro jushonda yo biryon karda mekhurand. Az on murabbo niz mepazand. Shokhchai navras va gulashro jushonda chun khurish istifoda mebarand. Bargi Bonro bo maqsadi khushbuy kardan ba taom meandozand. Pustlokhi Bon chun vositai obutobdihii orga­nizm kor farmuda meshavad, az guli on gizo tahiya mekunand yo yakjo bo digar khurishho istemol menamoyand. Guli Bon kaliy va kalsiyi bisyor dorad. Baroi aholii baze kishvarhoi qafomonda Bon gizoi asosi ast. Qarib hama qismhoi on istemol karda meshavad. Dar tarkibi bargi Bon nisbat ba aflesun vitamini S haft barobar beshtar ast. On nisbat ba shir chahor marotiba beshtar Sa dorad. Tukhmi Bon bakteriyahoro mahv mesozad. Onro baroi toza va bezarar kardani ob istifoda mebarand.

Bino ba malumoti ayurvedai hinduho, bargi Bon davoi 300 bemori ast. Az Bon olimoni Hind antibiotiki «pterigospermin» giriftaand. Az lifash kogaz va resmon (argamchin) tayyor mekunand. Pustlokhashro baroi dabbogi va istehsoli rang va ravganashro dar tekhnika, tib va atriyot istifoda mekunand.

M. Hojimatov.

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