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BOLID

bolidBOLID (faronsavi bolide, az yunoni bolis – nayzai partoftashuda), 1) shihob (meteor)-i durakhshoniash na kamtar az 4m (az Zuhra ravshantar), ki andozahoi kunjii namoyon dorad. Munirtarin Bolid ruzona ham namudor meshavad; shabona jild va dumi onro niz didan mumkin ast. Bolid paye meguzorad, ki az gazi iondor va chang iborat ast. Hangomi parvozi Bolid bazan sadoi makhsus shunida meshavad va radioaloqa qat megardad. Shihobho pesh az ba Zamin aftidan chun Bolid namoyon hastand. Baze Bolidho purra nasukhta, dar shakli shihob ba Zamin meaftand. 19 marti 1718 G. Galiley parvozi Bolidi nihoyat buzurgero mushohida kardaast, ki «…chun Oftob ravshan bud». Yake az Bolidhoi kalontarin «Beneshov» meboshad, ki durakhshi on 21 m buzurgii sitoravi ast (baroi muqoisa durakhshi Moh – 1Z m, Oftob – 26m). Az ruyi naqli shohidoni aftishi shihobi Sikhote-Alin (12 fevrali 1947) on az Oftob ravshantar buda, (dar ruzi ravshan) chashmro kur va soya paydo mekard. Ba­roi mushohidai Bolidho dar IMA, Kanada va Avrupo shabakahoi makhsus tasis doda shuda budand, lekin kori onho purmahsul nashud. Az in ru, holo Bolidhoro az mushakhoi kayhoni mushohida menamoyand.

2) Namudi avtomobilhoi poygavii charkhkushodi tezsurat (to 335 km/soat), ki dar muqoisa bo Bolid nomi ramzii khudro sohib shudaand. Har sol bayni onho chempionati jahon – «Formula-1» az ruyi poygai halqavi guzaronda meshavad. On az marhalahoi alohida (gran-pri) iborat  buda, dar shahru mamlakathoi gunogun meguzarad. Dar «Formula-1» sarnishinho bayni khud baroi unvoni «Chempioni jahon» va dastaho baroi «Nomi konstruktorho» muboriza mebarand.

                                                                                                                                                                M. Khalov.

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bomba

BOMBA

BOMBA (olmoni Bombe – gulgula), 1) nomi qadimii gululahoi artilleri. Az asri 19 sar karda …