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BOLDIREV Aleksandr Nikolaevich

boldyrev_anBOLDIREV Aleksandr Nikolaevich (29.5.1909, Sankt- Peterburg -1993, hamon jo), sharqshinos-eronshinosi rus, doktori ilmhoi filologiya (1954), professor (1959). Khodimi khidmatnishondodai ilmi Jumhurii Shuravii Sotsialistii Tojikiston (1969). Khatmkardai Instituti falsafa, adabiyot va sanati shahri Lenin­grad (1931). Khodimi ilmii Bazai tojikistonii AI Ittihodi Jumhurii Shuravii Sotsialisti (1933-36), shubai Sharqi Er­mitaji davlatii Leningrad (1936-41), Instituti sharqshinosii AI Ittihodi Jumhurii Shuravii Sotsialisti (1942-50), muallim va mudiri kafedrai filologiyai Eroni Donishgohi davlatii Leningrad (1937- 84). Besh az 100 asarash ba tab rasidaast. Faoliyati ilmiyu ejodii Boldiev chun folklorshinos ogoz yoftaast. Dar Bazai tojikistonii AI Ittihodi Jumhurii Shuravii Sotsialisti hamrohi Ali Khush dar murattabsozii «Namunai folklori tojik» (1938) shirkat dosht. Pas az bozgasht ba Leningrad ba omuzishi osori shoironu adiboni asrhoi miyonai fors-tojik Nizomi, Hoqoni, Vosifi, Darveshi Dehaki, sarchashmakhoi omuzishi hayoti adabi va madanii asri 16 («Muzakkiru-l-ahbob»-n Khoja Hasani Misori) va gayra mashgul shudaast. Boldirev dar barobari omuzishi hayot va ejodiyoti Vosifi matni intiqodii asari u «Badoeu-l-vaqoe»-ro dar Maskav (1961) va Tehron (1971-72) dar du jild ba tab rasondaast. Kori digari Boldirev chun matnshinos ba chop omoda sokhtani «Tarikhi Badakhshon»-i Sangmuhammadi Surkhafsar (1959) meboshad. Boldirev dar borai tarikhi zaboni forsi, tashakkul va rushdi on, dar borai tarjumahoi forsii «Majolisu-n-nafois»-i Navoi, jarayoni tasavvufii naqshbandiya maqolaho navishtaast. «Risolai musiqi»-i Abdurrahmoni Jomiro ba zaboni rusi tarjuma kardaast. Boldirev va I. S. Braginskiy mustaqilona ba kori taqsimbandii tarikhi adabiyoti fors-tojik ba davraho mashgul shuda, ba barrasii ahli ilmi tarikhi adabiyoti klassikii fors-tojik peshnihod namudand. Malum gar­did, ki taqsimbandii har du muhaqqiq asosan ba ham monand meboshand. Dar asosi onho yak davrabandii yagonae baroi tarikhi adabiyoti klassikii fors-tojik qabul gar­did. Bo Joizai davlatii Tojikiston ba nomi Abuali ibni Sino dar sohai ilm va tekhnika (1973) va Joizai davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba nomi Abuabdullohi Rudaki dar sohai adabiyot va sanat va memori (2010), inchunin bo ordenho va medalhoi Ittihodi Jumhurii Shuravii Sotsiaisti sarfaroz gardidaast.

Osor! Muayyan namudani tarikhi talifi «Nuhzatnomai Aloi» az rui yak ruboii Rudaki // Majmua.: «Rudaki va zamoni u»- Stalinobod, 1958; Persidskaya literatura s VIII do nachala XIX veka. // Kratkaya istoriya literatur Irana, Afganistana i Tursii. Leningrad, 1971; Zayniddin Vasifi. Tadjikskiy pisatel XVI veka. Dushanbe, 1989.

Adabiyot: Miliband S. D. Vostokovedi Rossii. Moskva, 2008.

M. Mulloahmadov.

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MUGSU, daryoest dar payoni Jirgatoli Respublikai Sovetii Sotsialistii Tojikiston. Az yak shudani daryohoi Seldara va …