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BOKS

boxBOKS (az angl. Bokh — zarba), mushtzani, navi varzish, az ruyi qoidai muayyan mushtzanii bayni du varzishgar. Panj hazor sol pesh dar Misru Bobul dar shakli mushtzanii odi paydo shudaast. Qoidahoi bozii Boks (be dastpushak) dar Angliya (asri 18) jori gardida, soli 1867 istifodai dastpushak shuru shud. Boks az soli 1904 ba barnomai Bozihoi olimpi dokhil va minbad barguzorii chempionathoi jahon va qitavu davlathoi alohida az ruyi on ba anana daromad. Musobiqa dar ring – maydonchai chorgushai darozi va barash 6 metr ki atrofash bo tanob ihota shudaast, dar chand navbat (raund) bo tanaffusi yakdaqiqagi meguzarad. Ba ring harifoni hamvazn (istisno boksi kasbi) roh doda meshavand. Golib varzishgare megardad, ki harifro bo hujumi muvaffaqiyatnok shi­kast medihad, yo quvvai harifash ba davom dodani bozi namerasad, yo harifash az idomai bozi sar mekashad. Muvofiqi qoidai Boks az kamar poin, ba buni gardan, ba takhtapusht, inchunin harifi az poy aftodaro zadan mamnu ast. Musobiqai mushtzanhoro yak hakami dokhili halqa (ring) va 3-5 hakami berun az on dovari mekunand. Dar Tojikiston in navi varzish mamul ast. Namoyandagoni jumhuri dar musobiqahoi baynalmilali va mintaqavii Boks payvasta ishtirok mekunand.

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BORNDALEN

BORNDALEN, Byorndalen (Bjorndalen) Ule Eynar (27. 1.1974), varzishgari norvegi (biatlon, lijaroni). Chempioni Bozihoi olimpi dar …