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BOQII KULOBI

imagesBOQII KULOBI Hayotjon (favt 1579, Hinduston), shoiri tojik. Muvofiqi malumoti makhazho Boqii Kulobi dar mintaqai Kulobi sarzamini Movarounnahr (holo Jumhurii Tojikiston) ba dunyo omada, dar hamin jo ba tahsil pardokhtaast va ilmu donishhoi mamulii on ayyomro faro giriftaast. Kay va ba kadom sabab ba Hinduston raftani Boqii Kulobi malum nest. Vay dar zamoni saltanati Jaloluddin Muhammad Akbar (hukmroni 1556- 1605) dar Hinduston hayot ba sar burda, dar hayoti adabii on diyor shirkat mevarzidaast. Badtar payravii tariqai naqshabandiyaro ikhtiyor karda, talimu talaboti in raviyaro dar huzuri murshidash Abdullohi Naqshbandi omukhtaast. Az merosi adabii Boqii Kulobi to ruzgori mo yakchand gazal va masnavii «Hir va Ronjho» (talifash 1575-76) boqi mondaast. Dostoni «Hir va Ronjho» az jumlai mashhurtarin va mahbubtarin dostonhoi mardumii nohiyai Panjobi Pokiston buda, sarguzashti oshiqonai Hir va Ronjhoro tajassum menamoyad. Boqii Kulobi nakhustin shoiri forsizabon meboshad, ki qissai mardumii mazkur tavajjuhi uro ba khud jalb sokhtaast va in qissai ishqiro dar shakli bisyor muvofiqu zebo bo kamoli mahorat va bo tarzi dilnishinu zaboni shevo bayon kardaast. Az in jost, ki ba­dan dostoni «Hir va Ronjho» mavridi tavajjuhi yak idda shoironi forsizabon qaror girift va onho dar tahti tasir va dar tatabbuu payravii masnavii purarzishi Boqii Kulobi yak silsila manzumahoi jolibi diqqat (jaman 19 masnavi) ofaridand. Masnavii «Hir va Ronjho»-i Boqii Kulobi doroi 2480 bayt meboshad va nuskhai dastnavisi to kunun malumi yagonaash dar Osorkhonai millii shahri Karochii Po­kiston nigohdori meshavad. In abyot namunae az Boqii Kulobi ast:

Ba chashmam goh khuni dil, gahe khuni jigar basta,

Mani gamdidaro be rui u rohi nazar basta.

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Khubon agar nadonand imruz qadri moro,

Donand qadri moro fardo, ki mo naboshem.

A. Alimardonov.

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MUHAMMADShAFYOI ShEROZI

MUHAMMADShAFYOI ShEROZI  (1783, Sheroz —1846, hamon jo), khushnavis va shoiri fors. Padarash Muhammadismoil nom dosht. …