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BOQII DARZI

imagesBOQII DARZI  Ustod Boqii Darzii Bukhoroi, navozanda, saroyanda, musiqidon va shoiri tojiki okhiri asri 16 – nimai avvali asri 17. Peshaash kosibi buda, takhallusi «Darzi» niz va hamin jost. Malumoti ibtidoii musiqiro dar zodgohash girifta, sipas mahorati sozandagiyu navozandagiro dar shahrhoi Samarqandu Hirot nazdi Khoja Jafari Qonuni, Ustod Amir Aliakbari Qonuni va Boboi Qonuni sayqalu takmil dodaast. Dar hunari soznavozi (barbatu qonun, tanbur) sabki khosse doshta, dar Bukhorovu Samarqand va Hirotu Balkh mashhur budaast. Baroi in sozho dar shaklu anvoi musiqii «peshrav», «kor», «amal», «savt», «qavl», «qavli mustakhall» asarho ejod namudaast. Bakhusus asarhoi u «Kor», «Kor ba usul», «Peshrav», «Savt», «Qavl», «Kori navo», «Amali rost», «Peshravi Darzi», «Qavli Gulandom» va gayra dar nazdi akhli hunar shuhrat doshtaand. Boqii Darzi baroi dastai mutriboni Naqorakhonai Bukhoro yak silsila asarhoi soziyu ovozi dar vazni maqomhoi «Ushshoq», «Rost», «Isfahon», «Hijoz» tasnif namudaast. «Peshra­vi mehtariyon», «Peshravi naqora» dar barnomahoi hunari mavridi istifoda budaand. Boqii Darzi anati kitobat (khattoti) va oroishi kitobro niz khub medonist. Dar sharhi mushkiloti «Yusufu Zulaykho»-i Abdurrahmoni Jomi risola navishta, oid ba qavoidi qofiya, sanathoi badeii tarse, tajnis, tashbeh, saji mutavozi, mutarraf, mutavozana, ihom, mirotunnazir va gayra bahs orostaast. Boqii Darzi tabi shoiri doshta, gazalu ruboihoi neku guftaast. In abyot az ust:

Az shulahoi suzi dili notavoni man,

Guyo zabona ast zabon dar dahoni man.

Gashtam nishoni tiri vafoyash, vale nashud

Khotirnishoni on buti abrukamoni man.

YObi tamomi surati paykoni kheshro,

Gar bishkani ba sangi sitam ustukhoni man.

Har shab judo zi rui tu, ey moh, bigzarad

Az nuh sipehr nolavu ohu figoni man.

Boqi, agarchi az gami ishqi tu jon naburd,

Bodo baqoi umri tu oromi joni man.

Boqii Darzi dar okhiri umr ba zodgohash omada, shogirdoni bisyore tarbiya namudaast.

Adabiyot: Ensiklopediyai adabiyot va sanati tojik. Jildi 1. Dushanbe 1988; Darveshalii Jangi. R: 449, IShAI Uzbekiston.

A. Rajabov, U. Karimov.

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