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Abdulhamidi Kotib

Abdulhamidi Kotib Abugolib Abdulhamid ibni Yahyo ibni Sad (680 – 750), navisanda, kotib (dabir)-i arabizaboni eroninajod. Dar ogozi faoliyat dar shahrhoi gunoguni Iroq ba talimi kudakon mashgul shudaast. Badan dar devo­ni khalifaho Yazid ibni Abdulmalik (hukmroniash 720 – 724), Hishom ibni Ab­dulmalik (hukmroniash 724 – 743) va okhirin khalifai umavi Marvon ibni Muhammad (hukmroniash 744 – 750) khidmat kardaast. Dar zamoni Marvon Abdulhamidi Kotib sarvarii devoni rasoilro ba uhda dosht va yake az muqarrabonu mushovironi khalifa gardid.

Abdulhamidi Kotib shakhsi bomarifat, donandai tarikhu adabiyot va zaboni arabivu forsi bud. Abdulhamidi Kotib chun navisanda, poyaguzori navi adabii tarassul dar nasri arabi maruf gardidaast. Rasoili navishtai u shuhrati tamom doshtand va aksar ashkhosi ba in kasb mashgulbuda ba u payravi mekardand. Muvofiqi akhbori Ibni Nadim majmui rasoi­li tadvinshudai Abdulhamidi Kotib besh az hazor sahifaro dar bar megiriftaast. To zamoni mo miqdori kama rasoili Abdulhamidi Kotib tavassuti osori tarikhivu adabi rasidaand.

Rasoili bozmonda az Abdulhamidi Kotib dar mavzuhoi siyosi, ijtimoi va shakhsi navishta shudaand. Yake az risolaho az jonibi khalifa Marvon ba pisarash (valiahdash) insho gar­didaast. Nomai digar – «Risola ila- l-kuttob» dasturest ba kotibon (dabiron) oid ba nozukihoi in kasb va takidi donishanduzi dar sohahoi tarikh, adabiyot va digar ilmho. Hasht nomai digar az Abdulhamidi Kotib rasidaast, ki dar mavzuhoi nahyi shatranj. dar vasfi barodari, oid ba shikor, oid ba khonavodai khesh, zikri fath, dar tavalludi farzand, dar buruzi yak fitna va oid ba yake az yogiyoni hukumat navishta shudaand.

Az osori Abdulhamidi Kotib barmeoyad, ki u az osori adabiyoti toislomii eroni vuqufi komil doshtaast va az on dar talifi risolahoyash istifoda burdaast. Dar baze risolahoi u tasi- ri andarznomakhoi adabiyoti pakhlavy ekheos meshavad. Ba vositai ejodiyoti Abdulhamidi Kotib ananahoi adabiyoti mardumi eroninajod ba nasri arab guzashtaand.

Ad.: Ibni Khall ikon, Vafayot al-ayon va anbou abno-iz-zamon, j-hoi 1 – 8, Beyrut, 1968-1972; Filshtinskiy I. M., Istoriya arabskoy literaturi, M., 1985.

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