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YaQUBI ChARKhI

YaQUBI ChARKhI (s.tav. nomalum, Charkh, Afgoniston — 1446, Balagmu, hozira dehai Gulistoni p-ni Lenini RSS Toj.), maruftarin namoyandai silsilai naqshbandiya. Malumoti ibtidoiro dar zodgohash az padarash giriftaast. Sipas ba Hirotu Misr rafta tahsil namudaast. Az Hirot ba Bukhoro omada, ba muassisai silsilai Naqshbandiya Khoja Bahouddin hamsuhbat shuda ba halqai muridonu muqarraboni u dokhil shudaast. Sipas muvofiqi dasturi Khoja Bahouddin ba vodi Hisor omada, to okhiri hayotash dar samti jan. Sharqii Dushanbei hozira zindagi kard. Dar bayni khalq ba nomi Hazrati Mavlono mashhur ast.

charxi

Ba qalami Ya. Ch. yak qator asarho taalluq dorand, ki onho to imruz mahfuzand. «Tafsiri Mavlono Yaqubi Charkhi» (tafsiri surai avval va du juzi okhiri furgon); «Risolai noyiya» (ba sharhi muqaddimai «Masnavi manavi»-i Jaloludlini Balkhi oid ast), «Risolai mukhtasar dar isboti vujudi avliyo va marodibi on» va g.

Ya. Ch. prinsiphoi asosii silsilai naqshbandiyaro dar bayni mardum targiabu tashviq mekard. U misli dig. mashoikhi naqshbandiya talim medod, ki sufi boyad botinan ba zikr va yodi haq buda, dar zohir az jamiyat va mardum gushagiri nakunad. Ba umedi tavakkul ba zuhdu taqvo napardokhta, moyai zindagii khudro bo mehnati halol ba dast orad. Dar maqomot va osori tarikhii naqshbandiya Ya. Ch. hamchun mardi zahmatkash, kishovarz tasvir yofta, asbobi zindagiashro bo koru zahmati haloli khudash tamin mekardaast. U muridu shogirdoni ziyod dosht. Khoja Ubaydullohi Ahror az jumlai on muridon bud.

A. Muhammadkhojaev.

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